1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Ficus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Ficus scassellatii Pamp.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 50 m., hemi-epiphytic, secondarily terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–8 mm. thick, glabrous or minutely puberulous, periderm flaking off older parts when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves in spirals; lamina coriaceous, oblong to oblanceolate, obovate or elliptic, 6–20(–28) × 3–8 cm., apex shortly and bluntly acuminate to rounded, base ± acute, margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 8–18 pairs, gradually becoming stronger towards the apex; tertiary venation reticulate; petiole 0.5–2.5(–3.5) cm. long, 2–3 mm. thick, epiderm occasionally flaking off; stipules 0.3–2 cm. long, free, glabrous or minutely puberulous, caducous.
    Infructescences
    Figs 1–2 in the leaf-axils; peduncle 0.5–1.5 cm. long or figs sessile to subsessile; basal bracts 3–5 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle often shortly stipitate at least when dry, globose to ellipsoid, 3–4.5 cm. in diameter when fresh, 1.2–2(–3) cm. in diameter when dry, ± sparsely minutely puberulous, green at maturity; wall 4–5 mm. thick, not spongy; apex in dry material protruding up to 7 mm.
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 50 m. tall, hemi-epiphytic, secondarily terrestrial.
    Twigs
    Leafy twigs 3–8 mm. thick, glabrous or minutely puberulous, peridenn of older parts flaking off when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged; lamina oblong to oblanceolate, obovate or elliptic (6)10–20(28) x 3–8(10) cm., coriaceous; apex shortly and usually bluntly acuminate to rounded; base subacute; margin entire; both surfaces glabrous; lateral veins 8–18 pairs, gradually becoming stronger towards the apex, tertiary venation reticulate; petiole 5–25(35) mm. long, 2–3 mm. thick, epidermis not flaking off when dry; stipules 3–20 mm. long, free, glabrous or minutely puberulous, caducous.
    Fruits
    Figs solitary or in pairs in the leaf axils; peduncle 5–15 mm. long; basal bracts 3–5 mm. long, persistent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle globose to ellipsoid, often shortly stipitate at least when dry, 4–4.5 cm. in diam. when fresh, 1.2–2 cm. in diam. when dry, sparsely minutely puberulous, green at maturity; wall (1)4–5 mm. thick, not spongy, apex (in dry material) protruding up to 7 mm.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ficus scassellatii Pamp. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 19, 1988 Medley, Kimberly [337], Kenya K000049161
    Jan 1, 1983 Scassellati, G. [31], Somalia K000049153 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1983 Scassellati, G. [31], Somalia K000049152 Unknown type material
    Chase, N.C. [6560], Mozambique K000049139
    Robson, N.K.B. [1691], Malawi K000049138
    Dale, I.R. [3657], Kenya K000049158
    Robertson, S.A. [6426], Kenya K000049148
    Robertson, S.A. [5977], Kenya K000049146
    Faulkner, H.G. [2064], Tanzania K000049156
    Polhill, R.M. [807], Kenya K000049159
    Chapman, J.D. [257], Malawi K000049136
    Chapman, J.D. [1942], Malawi K000049135
    Greenway, P. [9759], Kenya K000049157
    Greenway, P. [5828], Tanzania K000049154
    Thulin, M. [816], Tanzania K000049155
    Maunder, M. [161], Somalia K000049150
    Luke [2363], Kenya K000049147
    Bytebier, B. [338], Kenya K000049145
    Bally [7682], Kenya K000049160
    Goldsmith, B. [21/64], Zimbabwe K000049140
    Berg, C.C. [1361], Zimbabwe K000049144
    Gilliland, H.B. [K1444], Zimbabwe K000049185
    Tozzi, R. [340], Somalia K000049151
    Müller, T. [1657], Malawi K000049137
    Synnott, T.J. [1953], Somalia K000049149
    Wild, H [2141], Zimbabwe K000049141
    Wild, H [2141], Zimbabwe K000049143
    Patel, H. [7160], Mozambique K000545131
    Greenway, P.J. [9759], Kenya Ficus kirkii 23410.000
    Faulkner, H. [2064], Tanzania Ficus kirkii 16905.000
    Polhill, R. [807], Kenya Ficus kirkii 22751.000

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1915: 15 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg in Kew Bulletin 43: 94 (1988).
    • Friis in Nordic Journ. Bot. 5: 331 (1985).
    • Pamp. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1915: 15 (1915).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0