1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea urelytra Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 350-600(-1200) cm long; 2-10 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; concolorous; distally hispid. Culm-nodes without obvious supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Branch complement many; in a horizontal line; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths 21-54 cm long; concolorous; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-sheath blade triangular; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 2-17 cm long. Leaf-sheaths hispid. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.7-2 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 9.6-15.3 cm long; 12-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by a spatheole. Panicle capitate; globose; 1.5-2 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.3-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.3-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.4-1.8 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 5.1-6.3 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 1.9-2.5 mm long; 0.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4-5.6 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5.1-6.5 mm long; 0.66 length of spikelet; chartaceous; acuminate; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1-2 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 7-8.9 mm long; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Sao Paulo 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea urelytra Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Cordeiro, J. [226], Brazil K000925290
    Jan 1, 1995 Cordeiro, J. [226], Brazil K000925289

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 53: 158 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0