1. Family: Moraceae Gaudich.
    1. Genus: Morus L.
      1. Morus mesozygia Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FWTA]

    Moraceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A small or sometimes large tree
    Branches
    Reddish brown glabrous branches
    Ecology
    Usually in the drier types of forest.
    [FZ]

    Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Tree up to 40 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina elliptic to oblong, ovate or subobovate, 3–13 x 2–8 cm., chartaceous to subcoriaceous, apex acuminate to subacute, base cordate to obtuse, margin crenate to serrate; superior surface pubescent on the main veins, interior surface pubescent in the axils of the lateral veins; lateral veins 4–7 pairs, the basal pair strong, the others much less distinctive, arising from the upper part of the midrib, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long; stipules c. 0.5 cm. long, caducous.
    Male
    Staminate inflorescences: spike 1–2.5 cm. long, c. 0.8 cm. in diam.; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Pistillate inflorescences with 5–15 flowers c. 0.5 cm. in diam., (up to c. 1 cm. in diam. in fruit); peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long. Staminate inflorescences: spike 1–2.5 cm. long, c. 0.8 cm. in diam.; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
    Female
    Pistillate inflorescences with 5–15 flowers c. 0.5 cm. in diam., (up to c. 1 cm. in diam. in fruit); peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, ± compressed, 5 x 3–5 mm.
    [FTEA]

    Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Tree up to 35 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Lamina chartaceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to oblong, ovate or obovate, 3–13 × 2–8 cm., apex acuminate to subacute, base cordate to obtuse, margin crenate to serrate; upper surface pubescent on the main veins, lower surface pubescent in the axils of lateral veins; lateral veins 4–7 pairs, the basal pair strong, the others much weaker, departing from the upper part of the midrib, tertiary venation partly scalariform; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long; stipules ± 0.5 cm. long, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Staminate inflorescences:spike 1–2.5 cm. long, ± 0.8 cm. diameter; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long. Pistillate inflorescences ± 0.5(–1 in fruit) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
    Male
    Staminate inflorescences:spike 1–2.5 cm. long, ± 0.8 cm. diameter; peduncle 0.3–2 cm. long.
    Female
    Pistillate inflorescences ± 0.5(–1 in fruit) cm. in diameter; peduncle 0.4–2 cm. long; stigmas 3–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, ± compressed, 5 × 3–5 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest and drier evergreen forest, sometimes with Milicia and Antiaris, but apparently relatively uncommon; 450–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T3 T4 T6 T8 U2 U4 Senegal to SW. Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zambia, Mozambique and South Africa (Natal)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Morus mesozygia Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 21, 1981 Tinley, K.L. [2928], Mozambique K000049666
    Jan 1, 1978 Moll, E.J. [3183], South Africa K000049701
    Jan 1, 1978 de Winker [8525], South Africa K000049700
    Jan 1, 1977 Jackson, G. [1372], Malawi K000049660
    Jan 1, 1977 Chevalier, A. [16267] K000243086 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1977 Harris, C.M. [454 (Harris No. 48)], Uganda K000049703
    Jan 1, 1977 Styles, B.T. [101], Uganda K000049702
    Jan 1, 1977 Mogg, A.O.D. [32626], Mozambique K000049665
    Jan 1, 1977 Sim [5299], Mozambique K000049667 holotype
    Jan 1, 1977 Rowland [s.n.] K000243087 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1977 Grandvaux Barbosa, L.A. [8027], Mozambique K000049662
    Jan 1, 1977 Pedro [1430], Mozambique K000049664
    Jan 1, 1977 Gomes Pedro, J. [4220], Mozambique K000049663
    Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2061], Mozambique K000049671
    Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2061], Mozambique K000049672
    Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2062], Mozambique K000049673
    Jan 1, 1977 Gomes, A.F. [2062], Mozambique K000049674
    Fanshawe, D.B. [9319], Zambia K000049661
    Ruffo [1869], Tanzania K000049705
    Pocs, T. [8653], Tanzania K000049704
    Thompson, H. [s.n.] K000243088 Unknown type material
    Honey, T. [738], Mozambique K000049669
    Müller, T. [1806], Mozambique K000049668
    Gomes Pedro, J. [4201], Mozambique K000049670
    Gomes, A.F. [1862], Mozambique K000049675

    First published in J. Bot. (Morot) 22: 99 (1909)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kimpouni, V., Apani, E. & Motom, M. (2013). Analyse phytoécologique de la flore ligneuse de la Haute Sangha (République du Congo) Adansonia, sér. 3, 35: 107-134.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 29: 69–74 (incl. var. sanda A. Chev.).
    • Hauman in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 55
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. 1: 38, t. 5
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 21
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Kimpouni, V., Apani, E. & Motom, M. (2013). Analyse phytoécologique de la flore ligneuse de la Haute Sangha (République du Congo) Adansonia, sér. 3, 35: 107-134.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berg, C.C. & Hijman, M.E.E. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Moraceae: 1-95.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Berg in Fl. Cameroun 28: 6, t. 1 (1985).
    • C.C. Berg in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 47: 337, fig. 16 (1977)
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 594 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 273 (1952).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 1: 55 (1948).
    • Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(2): 21 (1916).
    • Stapf in Journ. de Bot., sér. 2, 2: 99 (1909).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0