1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Eugenia P.Micheli ex L.
      1. Eugenia brasiliensis Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.

    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    A slender ornamental tree 7.5–15 m tall with reddish young shoots.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate or oblong-obovate, 6.3–16 cm long, 2.5–6.3 cm wide, obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base, coriaceous; petiole 1 cm long; flowers solitary; pedicels 2.5–5 cm long with 2 basal narrowly elliptic densely glandular-pustulate bracts 1.3 cm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes green.
    Corolla
    Petals white, 1.5 cm long; fruit green turning bright red to dark purple or nearly black, oblate, 1.2–2 cm diameter with persistent sepals 1.25 cm long, edible.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Introduced into:

    Comoros, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Trinidad-Tobago

    Eugenia brasiliensis Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2017 Rezende, G.S.Z. [59], Brazil K001018501
    Jul 11, 2013 Burchell, W.J. [3605], Brazil K001018513
    Nov 1, 2012 Faria [3002], Rio de Janeiro K000065912
    Mar 27, 2006 Folli, D.A. [4939], Brazil K000275798
    Jan 1, 2006 Forzza, R.C. [3663], Brazil K001018517
    Jan 1, 2005 Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001018510
    Jan 1, 2005 Gomes, A.I. [s.n.], Brazil K001018511
    Jan 1, 2005 Gardner [4686], Brazil K001018508
    Jan 1, 2005 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001018512
    Oct 1, 2003 Mazine, F.F. [1012], Brazil K001018505
    Jan 1, 1999 Silva, J.M. [2427], Brazil K001018520
    Jan 1, 1997 Hatschbach, G.G. [61564], Brazil K001018522
    May 1, 1991 Vaz, A.F. [698], Brazil K001018504
    Oct 1, 1988 Gomes, M. [350], Brazil K001018509
    Jun 8, 1988 Peron, M. [257], Brazil K001018519
    Apr 3, 1970 Angeli, C. [s.n.], Brazil K001018499
    Jul 7, 1962 Angeli, C. [198], Brazil K001018494
    Jul 7, 1962 Angeli, C. [241], Brazil K001018497
    Jan 1, 1961 Klein, R.M. [1645], Brazil K001018502
    Friedmann, F. [2905], Reunion K001001303
    Vauthier [s.n.], Brazil K001018521
    Marquete, R. [628], Brazil K001018500
    Riedel [500], Brazil K001018506
    Burchell, W.J. [992], Brazil K001018523
    Miers, J. [3133], Brazil K001018495
    Lucas, E.J. [126], Brazil K001018516
    Lima, H.C. de [1103], Brazil K001018518
    Bausen, E. [137], Brazil K001018507
    Holst, B.K. [8871] K000066148
    Silva Neto, S.J. [473], Brazil K001018514
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001003309
    s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001003310
    Ribeiro, R.D. [1313], Brazil K001051631
    Cadet, Th. [5434], Reunion K001001301
    Randrianjafy, J.N. [8633], Madagascar K001001302
    Pessoal do Horto Florestal [s.n.], Brazil K001018503
    Gardner [44], Brazil K001018493
    Gardner [4686], Brazil K001018498
    Gardner [44], Brazil K001018525
    Silva-Neto, S.J. [1525], Brazil K001018515
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001018524
    Glaziou [10803], Brazil K001018496
    Attié, M.C.B. [46], Brazil K001051849
    Ramkissoon, R. [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K001002438
    Ramkissoon, R. [932], Trinidad & Tobago K001002439
    Vasconcelos [498], Brazil K000065913

    First published in Encycl. 3: 203 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0