1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Eugenia P.Micheli ex L.
      1. Eugenia malangensis (O.Hoffm.) Nied.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Extensively rhizomatous, geoxylic suffrutex; stems 15–50 cm. tall, caespitose, usually unbranched and burnt back to ground level each year, occasionally escaping fire and then sparsely branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or in 3s or 4s, rarely alternate.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf-lamina 4 x 1·2–7 x 0–6 or 11 x 3 cm., broadest near the middle, narrowly elliptic or narrowly rhombic to linear, apex obtuse, base cuneate.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually solitary, in leaf-axils or, when borne near base of shoot, in the axils of bracts, rarely in very short, 2–9-flowered racemes; pedicels 0·6–2 cm. long; bracteoles 0·1–0·2 cm. long, deltate, persistent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, 0·15 x 0·25–0·3 x 0–3 cm., debate or hemi-orbicular-deltate, ciliolate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, 0·6–0·7 x 0·4 cm., Ungulate, ciliolate.
    Style
    Style 0·5 cm. long; style-head 0·1 cm. in diameter, capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 1·5 x 1·5 cm., purple-black, subglobose.
    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Pyrophytic subshrub with caespitose shoots 7.5–50 cm tall (see note) from a horizontal rhizome, usually unbranched unless not burnt back, the stems ± densely short-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, alternate, or in whorls of 3–4, ± shiny and darker above, narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate or linear, 4–11 cm long, 1.1–3.1 cm wide, obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the axils or at base of plant sometimes in 2–9-flowered inflorescences, sweet-smelling; pedicels 0.6–2 cmlong, pubescent; bracteoles lanceolate to triangular-ovate, 1–2 mm long, persistent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic, 1.5–2 mm long; lobes obovate, round or rounded triangular, 1.5–3 mm diameter, ciliate, glabrous or with few hairs on the faces.
    Corolla
    Petals white or yellow, oblate-obovate or ± round, 4–7 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, ciliate or not.
    Stamens
    Stamens ± 50; filaments 3–5 mm long; anthers 0.8–1.2 mm long in male flowers, shorter in female.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle glabrous between the stamens.
    Style
    Style 5 mm long in female flowers with capitate stigma 1 mm long, lacking or much reduced in male flowers.
    Fruits
    Fruits bright red, purple or black, ellipsoid or subglobose, 0.8–1.5 cm long, edible; pedicels 6 mm long, puberulous.
    Figures
    Fig. 14.
    Habitat
    Open scrub, Brachystegia woodland, Hyparrhenia grassland subject to burning, rocky places in grassland, abandoned cultivations on black soil; 1350–2100 m
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Eugenia malangensis (O.Hoffm.) Nied. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1798], Tanzania K000312514 isosyntype
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1799], Tanzania K000312519 isotype
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1799], Tanzania K000312511 isotype
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1799], Tanzania K000312515 isotype
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1799], Tanzania K000312517 isotype
    May 6, 1998 Stolz, A. [1799], Tanzania K000312518 isotype
    Jan 1, 1975 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4392], Angola K000312727
    Jan 1, 1975 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4390], Angola K000312730
    Holmes, W.D. [893], Zambia K001001167
    Holmes, W.D. [1509], Zambia K001001224
    Greenway, P.J. [3409], Tanzania K001001035
    Greenway, P.J. [8129], Zambia K001001179
    Greenway, P.J. [5667], Zambia K001001218
    Liben, L. [3369], Congo K001000876
    Liben, L. [3172], Congo K001000882
    Chase, N.C. [392], Zimbabwe K001001202
    Bullock, A.A. [1940], Tanzania K001001016
    Robson, N.K.B. [342], Zambia K001001181
    Robson, N.K.B. [342], Zambia K001001183
    Robinson, E.A. [1278], Zambia K001001166
    Robinson, E.A. [3886], Zambia K001001187
    Fanshawe, D.B. [F. 451], Zambia K001001158
    Fanshawe, D.B. [F. 2190], Zambia K001001215
    Hoyle, A.C. [1336], Zambia K001001163
    Sturgeon, K. [18209], Zimbabwe K001001208
    White, F. [3423], Zambia K001001176
    White, F. [3149], Zambia K001001177
    Gossweiler, J. [13629], Angola K000508617
    Gossweiler, J. [2203], Angola K001001229
    Gossweiler, J. [1288], Angola K001001230
    Gossweiler, J. [1293], Angola K001001231
    Lawton, R.M. [1420], Zambia K001001173
    Lawton, R.M. [1536], Zambia K001001185
    Lawton, R.M. [1130], Zambia K001001223
    Lawton, R.M. [RML775], Zambia K001001226
    Brenan [8057], Zambia K001001188
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2519], Zambia K001001170
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1140], Zambia K001001175
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2752], Zambia K001001190
    Angus, A. [1699], Zambia K001001160
    Angus, A. [379], Zambia K001001165
    Angus, A. [215], Zambia K001001174
    Angus, A. [3762], Zambia K001001180
    Procter, J. [1913], Tanzania K001001017
    Procter, J. [2696], Tanzania K001001019
    Faulkner, H.G. [A471], Angola K001001234
    Hornby [64], Tanzania K001001032
    Norman, E.M. [R4], Zimbabwe K001001212
    Crook, A.O. [17236], Zimbabwe K001001203
    Schmitz, A. [2207], Congo K001000878
    Schmitz, A. [5506], Congo K001000880
    Verdcourt [2842], Tanzania K001001015
    Fanshaw, D.B. [368], Zambia K001001161
    Fanshaw, D.B. [F4726], Zambia K001001228
    Biegel, H.M. [4673], Zimbabwe K001001192
    Biegel, H.M. [1875], Zimbabwe K001001197
    Biegel, H.M. [2412], Zimbabwe K001001198
    Lewalle, J. [2295], Burundi K001000879
    Wild, H. [2148], Zimbabwe K001001210
    Wild, H. [1578], Zimbabwe K001001211
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7968], Zambia K001001184
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8057], Zambia K001001189
    Semsei, S.R. [2572], Tanzania K001001036
    da Silva, M. [3364], Angola K001001233
    Richards, H.M. [13253], Zambia K001001169
    Richards, H.M. [6338], Zambia K001001171
    Richards, H.M. [6123], Zambia K001001172
    Richards, H.M. [13230], Zambia K001001222
    Richards, H.M. [6337], Zambia K001001225
    McClounie, J. [185], Malawi K001001244
    Schlieben, H.J. [1166A], Tanzania K001001034
    Baum, H. [s.n.], Angola K001001232
    Cruse, A. [14], Zambia K001001182
    Cruse, A. [208], Zambia K001001217
    Cruse, A. [208], Zambia K001001220
    Ekman, E.L. [7393], Haiti K001002579
    Swynnerton, C.F.M. [242], Zimbabwe K001001194
    Allen, C.E.F. [292], Zambia K001001168
    Perdue, R.E. [11438], Tanzania K001001020
    Rogers, F.A. [10172], Congo K001000866
    Rogers, F.A. [10143], Congo K001000867
    Chapman [263], Malawi K001001245
    Goldsmith, B. [166/68], Zimbabwe K001001206
    Mutimushi, J.M. [1116], Zambia K001001186
    Pawek, J. [13204], Malawi K001001237
    Pawek, J. [13339A], Malawi K001001238
    Pawek, J. [13239], Malawi K001001239
    Pawek, J. [12071], Malawi K001001242
    Pawek, J. [4025], Malawi K001001243
    Pawek, J. [2964], Malawi K001001246
    Pawek, J. [3970], Malawi K001001248
    Devred, R. [1446], Congo, DRC K001000872
    Devred, R. [1536], Congo, DRC K001000873
    Devred, R. [3654], Congo K001000881
    Devred, R. [2319], Congo, DRC K001000884
    Quarre, P. [7166], Congo K001000874
    Mavi, S. [681], Zimbabwe K001001205
    Schmidt, H.H. [1166], Tanzania K001001038
    Pope, G [1163], Zimbabwe K001001193
    Reekmans, M. [3806], Burundi K001000862
    Reekmans, M. [9221], Burundi K001000863
    Reekmans, M. [10334], Burundi K001000864
    Reekmans, M. [6559], Burundi K001000885
    Reekmans, M. [7065], Burundi K001000886
    Reekmans, M. [7165], Burundi K001000887
    Reekmans, M. [9436], Burundi K001000888
    Reekmans, M. [6408], Burundi K001000889
    Reekmans, M. [5938], Burundi K001000890
    Reekmans, M. [2682], Burundi K001000891
    Salubeni, A.J. [1192], Malawi K001001247
    Teague, A.J. [297], Zimbabwe K001001195
    Van der Ben, D. [2265], Burundi K001000893
    Hislop, A. [194], Zimbabwe K001001209
    De Witte, G.F. [2735], Congo K001000875
    Christiaensen, A.R. [2513], Burundi K001000892
    Phillips, E. [3908], Malawi K001001235
    Phillips, E. [4263], Malawi K001001236
    Phillips, E. [4066], Malawi K001001240
    Phillips, E. [4263], Malawi K001001241
    Gilges, W. [97], Zambia K001001159
    Gilges, W. [397], Zambia K001001216
    Brain, C.K. [6619], Zimbabwe K001001201
    Gilliland, H.B. [K. 1315], Zimbabwe K001001213
    Quarre [2797], Congo K001000865
    Walters, J. [2716], Zimbabwe K001001200
    Drummond, R.B. [6462], Zambia K001001227
    Miller, D.B. [4677], Zimbabwe K001001204
    Van Rensberg, H.J. [1045], Zambia K001001178
    Mapaura, A. [35], Zimbabwe K001001191
    Ashamu, K. [392], Zambia K001001219
    Quorre [2797], Congo K001000868
    Quorre [4663], Congo K001000869
    Quorre, P. [2701], Congo K001000870
    Mullenderf, W. [190], Congo, DRC K001000871
    Risopoulos [679], Congo K001000877
    Risopoulas, S. [511], Congo, DRC K001000883
    Pagel-Wilkes, C.F. [972], Tanzania K001001018
    Lynes, Rear-Admiral H. [D35], Tanzania K001001033
    Thawler [s.n.], Tanzania K001001037
    Redhead, M. [1140], Zambia K001001162
    Gilges, Dr.W. [302], Zambia K001001164
    Henkel, J. [5089], Zimbabwe K001001196
    Waltersw, J. [2724], Zimbabwe K001001199
    Unikali [1138], Zimbabwe K001001207
    Gillard, H.B. [K992], Zimbabwe K001001214
    Rind, I.G. [1175], Zambia K001001221
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7968], Zambia Eugenia angolensis 10551.000
    Greenway, P.J. [8129], Zambia Eugenia angolensis 788.000
    Cruse, A.W. [208], Zambia Eugenia angolensis 8596.000
    Robson, N. [342], Zambia Eugenia angolensis 22748.015
    Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4393], Angola Eugenia angolensis K000312728
    Welwitsch, F.M.J. [4391], Angola Eugenia angolensis K000312729

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(7): 81 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 54: 58 (1999).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 492, fig. 155/1 (1983) (as ‘ malanguensis ’).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 190, t. 43 (1978).
    • Amshoff in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4: 96 (1970).
    • Boutique, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Myrtaceae: 26, t. 2 (1968).
    • Nied. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III (7): 81 (1893).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0