1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Celosia L.
      1. Celosia polystachya (Forssk.) C.C.Towns.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Suffrutescent herb, bushy or scandent, ± 1–4 m.
    Stem
    Stem and branches subterete, finely striate, glabrous or with a few very scattered multicellular hairs, for a variable length below the inflorescence with a glaucous waxy bloom.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly lanceolate- to subcordate-ovate, acute or shortly acuminate, glabrous or with scattered short multicellular hairs on the lower surface, especially near the base; lamina of the leaves from the central part of the stem 2.5–8 × 1.8–4.5 cm., very shortly cuneate to truncate or subcordate at the base, with a 1.3 cm. petiole; upper and branch leaves smaller, often narrower, more shortly petiolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary simple or branched spike-like condensed thyrses ± 6–21 cm. long, formed of usually ± distant ± 1–8-flowered clusters 1–8 mm. in diameter, with a broad terminal leafless panicle up to ± 35 cm. long at the ends of the branches, formed of similar thyrses.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles broadly deltoid, acute, 1.25–2 mm., membranous with a dark vitta along the central nerve, ciliate with multicellular hairs.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments elliptic-oblong, 2 mm., acute, subcucullate at the apex, 1-nerved with a dark vitta along the nerve, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Free portion of filaments much longer than the very short sheath, sinuses rounded with no intermediate teeth.
    Stigma
    Stigmas 2–3, longer than the style
    Ovary
    Ovary 2–4-ovulate [6–7(–11)-ovulate in one gathering from Somalia, described as var. pluriovulata Suesseng.].
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, included, rounded and faintly rugose-incrassate at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 1 mm., compressed, black, shining, with a very fine reticulate pattern.
    Habitat
    In clay depressions, in deciduous bushland on rocky slopes and along banks of watercourses; 400–1060 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Celosia polystachya (Forssk.) C.C.Towns. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 38(2): 23 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Townsend in Hook., Ic. Pl. 38(2): 23, t. 3728 (1975).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0