1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Celosia L.
      1. Celosia schweinfurthiana Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Perennial herb, often suffrutescent, varying considerably in habit from a prostrate plant rooting at the nodes to an erect herb 15 cm. tall or a climber rambling to 5 m.
    Stem
    Stem and branches usually strongly ridged or sulcate-striate, glabrous or sometimes with a few short multicellular hairs, particularly about the upper nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate to lanceolate- or deltoid-ovate, acute to acuminate, glabrous or more frequently with scattered, short, multicellular hairs on the lower basal surface; lamina of main stem leaves 2.2–10 × 1–7 cm., shortly cuneate to truncate or subcordate at the base, ± decurrent into a slender 1–4.5 cm. petiole; upper and branch leaves smaller and usually narrower.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary and terminal elongate thyrses, 7–42 cm. long and 0.5–2.8 cm. wide, 0–2-branched at the base and without any leafless terminal panicle, formed of ± 1–10-flowered, distant or more rarely approximate, dense to very lax (pedicels to ± 3 mm.) cymose clusters, 2–12 mm. in diameter.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate or deltoid, 0.5–1.25 mm., glabrous, membranous with a brownish or blackish midrib.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments oblong-elliptic, 2 mm., 1-nerved, obtuse and often hooded, pale greenish to white, in the dry state pale brownish to blackish with a narrow, pale, delicately scarious margin.
    Stamens
    Free portion of filaments longer than the sheath, sinuses shallowly rounded with no intermediate teeth.
    Stigma
    Stigmas 2, reflexed, much longer than the very short style.
    Ovary
    Ovary (5–)6–8(–10)-ovulate.
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, ± 3 × 1 mm., dark, usually distinctly exserted, ± truncate and faintly to distinctly rugose-incrassate at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 1 mm., compressed, shining, black, ornamented with a very fine reticulate pattern.
    Habitat
    As ground cover along forest rides, margins and clearings, especially near water or scrambling in thicker forest, otherwise in roadside or coastal bushland, or as a weed of cultivation; 3–1550 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 U2 U3 U4
    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Perennial herb, frequently somewhat woody below, vary variable in habit, prostrate and rooting at the lower nodes to erect or scandent up to c. 5 m., moderately to considerably branched.
    Stem
    Stem and branches usually obviously striate or sulcate, glabrous or sometimes (especially at the nodes) furnished with a few multicellular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate to lanceolate or deltoid-ovate, acute or acuminate, glabrous or more frequently furnished on the inferior surface about the base with scattered, short, multicellular hairs; larger stem-leaves 2.2–10 × 1–7 cm., shortly cuneate to truncate or subcordate at the base, with a petiole 1–4.5 cm. long; upper and branch leaves progressively smaller and usually narrower.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences scattered or approximate, few or up to 10-flowered, dense and rounded or lax (with peduncles and pedicels up to c. 3 mm. long), 2–12 mm. in diam.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles 0.5–1.25 mm. long, lanceolate or deltoid, glabrous, pale-membranous with the brownish or blackish midrib not excurrent.
    Tepal
    Tepals 2 mm. long, glabrous, elliptic-oblong, obtuse and subcucullate, pale greenish or whitish (pale brown or blackish when dry), the midrib not excurrent, margins narrowly scarious.
    Filaments
    Filaments with the free apices slightly to distinctly longer than the cup; no intermediate teeth present.
    Pistil
    Ovary (5) 6–9-ovulate; stigmas 2, reflexed, much longer than the very short style.
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong, c. 3 × 1 mm., usually clearly exerted from the perianth when fully mature, brown, more or less truncate with the apex slightly to distinctly rugose-incrassate.
    Seeds
    Seeds lenticular, black, very shiny, c. 1 mm., feebly reticulate with flat areolae.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Celosia schweinfurthiana Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Laizer, G. [1576], Tanzania K000545413
    Jun 1, 2008 Festo, L. [2501], Kenya K000438611
    Jul 1, 2007 Luke et al. [10393], Tanzania K000449321
    Dawkins, H. C. [421], Uganda 21933.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 21: 17 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Townsend in Hook, Ic. Pl. 38(2): 17, t. 3727 (1975).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 132 (1974).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 56 (1953).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 18 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 118 (1950).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 128 (1948).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 209 (1932).
    • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 22 (1909).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 172 (1895).
    • Schinz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 21: 178 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0