1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Celosia L.
      1. Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to N. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Spreading or scandent branched perennial herb, up to 9 m. but not rarely only 1–2 m. in the Flora Zambesiaca area.
    Stem
    Stem and branches striate, glabrous or (especially about the nodes) more or less furnished with brownish multicellular hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or sparsely furnished with scattered multicellular hairs along the veins of the inferior surface, those of the median part of the stem 3.5–15 × 1.5–8 cm., broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate or elliptic, acutely acuminate, shortly cuneate or rounded into the 1–3 cm. long petiole, the superior leaves narrower and more shortly petiolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary, the axillary simple or branched, c. 8–25 × 0.5 cm., the terminal usually a broad panicle up to 70 × 30 cm. with branches diverging more or less at right angles; indumentum of axes resembling that of the branches; partial inflorescences always condensed, 2–6 mm. in diam., usually distant at least below.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles c. 1 mm. long, deltoid-ovate, acute, very shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib, with at least the margins and usually the base of the midrib furnished with long, multicellular hairs.
    Tepal
    Tepals 2–2.5 mm. long, oblong-elliptic, acute, mucronate with the excurrent midrib, which is subtended on each side by one long inner and one shorter outer nerve, scarious, with a central stramineous or buff-coloured area, moderately furnished towards the base with long brownish, flexuous, multicellular hairs.
    Filaments
    Filaments with the free apices shorter than the basal cup; short, blunt intermediate teeth often present, these evanescent at maturity.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1–2-ovulate; stigmas 2, divergent, longer than the 0.5 mm. long style.
    Fruits
    Capsule shortly ovoid, rounded into the style, 1.25–1.5 mm. long, included.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–1.25 mm. in diam., lenticular, black, shiny, depressed-verruculose, the areolae of the reticulum strongly convex.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Scrambling or straggling herb, or small liane, up to 6 m. in height.
    Stem
    Stem and branches ridged, glabrous or sparingly furnished (often more densely so about the nodes) with multicellular brownish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate or elliptic, acutely acuminate, glabrous or with scattered multicellular hairs on the veins of the lower leaf surface; lamina of leaves from central part of stem 3.5–15 × 1.5–8 cm., rather shortly cuneate or rounded below to a 1–3 cm. petiole, the upper leaves smaller, narrower and more shortly petiolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary simple or branched spike-like thyrses ± 8–25 cm. long, formed of distant few-flowered clusters and a broad leafless terminal panicle up to 70 cm. long and 30 cm. wide; inflorescence-axis and branches glabrous or commonly increasingly furnished upwards with multicellular hairs.
    Flowers
    Flower-clusters (condensed cymes) dense, 2–6 mm. in diameter.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles deltoid-ovate, ± 1 mm., acute, margins and usually at least the lower part of the single nerve with long multicellular hairs.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments elliptic-oblong, 2–2.5 mm., acute, 3–4(–5)-nerved, moderately pilose with long multicellular hairs towards the base, scarious with a yellowish or buff centre.
    Stamens
    Free portion of filaments shorter than sheath; filaments at anthesis alternating with very short, bluntly deltoid teeth which soon disappear.
    Stigma
    Stigmas 2, longer than the style/
    Ovary
    Ovary 1(2–)-ovulate.
    Fruits
    Capsule included, rounded-tapering into the style.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–1.25 mm., compressed, black, shining, furnished with low rounded verrucae (convex areolae of the surface reticulation).
    Habitat
    In forest shade and thickets; 1200–1500 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 U1 U2

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Celosia stuhlmanniana Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 419 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Townsend in Hook., Ic. Pl. 38(2): 53, t. 3735 (1975).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 25 (1951).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 129 (1948).
    • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 21 (1909).
    • Schinz in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 419 (1896).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0