1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sesbania Scop.
      1. Sesbania aculeata (Schreb.) Pers.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Stem glabrous, erect, branched from the base, often thick but soft and pithy, reaching 15 ft.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, purple-spotted
    Ecology
    In muddy swamps.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect, annual or biennial, slightly woody herb, 1–3 m. tall; stems glabrous, or sparsely pilose when young, usually sparsely aculeate.
    Leaves
    Stipules linear-lanceolate, 6–10 mm. long, erect, pilose, caducous; leaf-rhachis sparsely pilose when young, later glabrous, aculeate on its lower side towards the base, up to 35 cm. long; leaflets in 25–55 pairs, up to 20 mm. long and 3 mm. wide, sparsely pilose when young on margins and midrib beneath, later glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme glabrous, or with a few hairs when young, 3–12-fiowered; rhachis up to 13 cm. long, including a peduncle, which is nearly always aculeate, up to 4 cm. long; pedicels 6–11 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous except for the margin; receptacle 1 mm., tube 3 mm., teeth triangular, slightly acuminate, 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Blade of standard brownish-yellow, violet flecked, ± 10 mm. long and wide; appendages wedge-shaped, truncate at the top (fig. 49/12b, p. 332); claw 3 mm.; blade of wing 9 mm. long, toothed but not hooked at the base, 2–3 mm. wide; claw 3 mm.; blade of keel ± 7 mm. long, 2 mm. wide at the base and 4–5 mm. near the apex; basal tooth horizontal, or hooked and pointing downward to the 5 mm. long claw (fig. 49/12a).
    Stamens
    Filament-sheath 9–12(rarely –13) mm., free parts 2–4 mm., anthers 0.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style glabrous, 2–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod curved, up to 25 cm. long, including a beak of ± 1 cm., 2–3 mm. wide, ± 2 mm. thick in the centre, less at the sutures, 35–40-seeded; septa ± 5 mm. apart (fig. 51/11, 12, p. 346).
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, not mottled, elliptical in cross-section, ± 3 × 1.5 × 1.1 mm.
    Habitat
    Marshes, ditches and as a weed in cultivation on alluvial land, especially in rice fields; 0–300 m.; rainfall 1000–1200 mm.
    Distribution
    China, India, SE. Asia, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Botswana, South West Africa, Lesotho, South Africa (Transvaal, Natal), Madagascar, Mauritius, Jamaicaprobably an introduced weed in much of this range K7 T3 T6
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Somalia-Masai freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Dadon, Katsakatsa, Ramanjato
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by G.P. Lewis

    Habit
    Erect annual, biennial or short-lived perennial slightly woody herb, (0.6)1–3 m tall. Erect annual, biennial or short-lived perennial slightly woody herb, (0.6)1–3 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, or very sparsely pilose when young, usually aculeate although often obscurely so. Stems glabrous, or very sparsely pilose when young, usually aculeate although often obscurely so.
    Leaves
    Leaves (5.3)9.5–29.5(35) cm long, the rachis aculeate beneath especially towards the base, sparsely pilose when young, later glabrous; petioles 2–15 mm long; leaflets in (11)20–50(55) pairs, 0.75–2(2.6) cm × 1.5–3(5) mm, oblong to oblong-linear, apically emarginate, usually apiculate, sparsely pilose when young on margins and midvein beneath, later glabrous; stipules 5–11 mm long, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, ± erect, pilose on margins and inner face, at length falling. Leaves (5.3)9.5–29.5(35) cm long, the rachis aculeate beneath especially towards the base, sparsely pilose when young, later glabrous; petioles 2–15 mm long; leaflets in (11)20–50(55) pairs, 0.75–2(2.6) cm × 1.5–3(5) mm, oblong to oblong-linear, apically emarginate, usually apiculate, sparsely pilose when young on margins and midvein beneath, later glabrous; stipules 5–11 mm long, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, ± erect, pilose on margins and inner face, at length falling.
    Inflorescences
    Raceme (0.8)2.3–15(16.5) cm long, 1–12(14)-flowered; peduncle (0.5)1.5–4(6) cm long, glabrous, nearly always aculeate especially at the base; pedicels (2)4–8(11) mm long, glabrous; bracts 3–5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, filiform, caducous. Raceme (0.8)2.3–15(16.5) cm long, 1–12(14)-flowered; peduncle (0.5)1.5–4(6) cm long, glabrous, nearly always aculeate especially at the base; pedicels (2)4–8(11) mm long, glabrous; bracts 3–5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caducous; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, filiform, caducous.
    Corolla
    Standard pale yellowish or cream-coloured, flecked or spotted brownish or purplish, 0.9–1.5 × 0.8–1.4 cm, rounded, apically emarginate, the appendages wedge-shaped and truncate or slightly emarginate apically; wings yellow, 0.9–1.25 cm × 2.5–3 mm, with a short, blunt, unhooked upper basal tooth and with lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal one-half to two-thirds; keel 0.9–1.3 cm × 3.5–5 mm, the blade distinctly longer than wide, the upper edge gently sloping from the apex to the short blunt or slightly acute basal tooth parallel to the claw or slightly downward pointing. Standard pale yellowish or cream-coloured, flecked or spotted brownish or purplish, 0.9–1.5 × 0.8–1.4 cm, rounded, apically emarginate, the appendages wedge-shaped and truncate or slightly emarginate apically; wings yellow, 0.9–1.25 cm × 2.5–3 mm, with a short, blunt, unhooked upper basal tooth and with lamellate sculpturing in the upper basal one-half to two-thirds; keel 0.9–1.3 cm × 3.5–5 mm, the blade distinctly longer than wide, the upper edge gently sloping from the apex to the short blunt or slightly acute basal tooth parallel to the claw or slightly downward pointing.
    Ovary
    Ovary and style glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pod brownish mottled with reddish-brown patches, 12.5–25(28) cm long (including a beak 1–1.5 cm long), 2–3 mm wide, curved, the central area sometimes ridged parallel to the sutures, glabrous, 28–45-seeded; septa 4–6 mm apart. Pod brownish mottled with reddish-brown patches, 12.5–25(28) cm long (including a beak 1–1.5 cm long), 2–3 mm wide, curved, the central area sometimes ridged parallel to the sutures, glabrous, 28–45-seeded; septa 4–6 mm apart.
    Distribution
    Also in Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Namibia, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces), Swaziland and Lesotho; and in China, India, SE Asia, Fiji, Oman, Madagascar, Mauritius, Jamaica and Guyana, probably as an introduced weed in many of these areas.
    Ecology
    Floodplains and river banks, in seasonally inundated rainwater pans and depressions, and in swampy ground, on sandy soils and alluvial clays. In wet times of the year can be found in standing water up to 1 m deep; 0–1100 m.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 × 3–4 mm; tube glabrous except for the woolly margins, the teeth 0.5–1 mm long, triangular, ± acuminate. Calyx 3–4 × 3–4 mm; tube glabrous except for the woolly margins, the teeth 0.5–1 mm long, triangular, ± acuminate.
    Pistil
    Ovary and style glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, olive-green or greenish-black, 3 × 1.5 mm, 1.2 mm thick, elliptical in cross-section, the hilum in a small subcentral circular pit surrounded by a white rim aril. Seeds pale brown, olive-green or greenish-black, 3 × 1.5 mm, 1.2 mm thick, elliptical in cross-section, the hilum in a small subcentral circular pit surrounded by a white rim aril.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Weed

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Gambia, Guinea, Hainan, India, Iran, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Oman, Pakistan, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Aruba, Chagos Archipelago, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Haiti, Iraq, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Northern Provinces, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Swaziland, Windward Is.

    Sesbania aculeata (Schreb.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5655], Myanmar K001121591
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655] K001121587
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655], Bangladesh K001121588
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655], India K001121589
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655] K001121590
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655] K001121592
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5655] K001121593
    s.coll. [s.n.] Sesbania roxburghii K000858945

    First published in Syn. Pl. 2: 316 (1807)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
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    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
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    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0