1. Family: Myrtaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Syzygium Gaertn.
      1. Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small or medium-sized (elsewhere a large) evergreen tree or a suffrutex.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 4 x 2–14 x 7 cm., very variable in shape, broadest at or near the middle, apex obtuse to acuminate, base cuneate; petiole 0·2–2·2 cm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx 0·35–0·65 cm. long; calyx +upper receptacle 0·15–0·25 cm. long; filaments 0·35–0·9 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, 1·3–3·5 x 1·2–2·5 cm.
    [FTEA]

    Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or pyrophytic subshrubs 0.2–30 m tall with smooth or rough bark; sometimes buttressed; young branches ± terete or somewhat 4-angled, mostly only strongly 4-angled in hybrids with S. cordatum.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic, oblong-elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate to obovate-elliptic, (3–)4–16 cm long, 1–7.7 cm wide, acute to acuminate to broadly rounded, subtruncate or even emarginate at the apex, cuneate at the base; petiole 0.6–2.5(–4.5) cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence short to extensive, 5–19 cm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube with pseudopedicels usually distinct.
    Filaments
    Filaments 3.5–9 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruits variously red or purple, subglobose or ellipsoid, 0.8–3.5 cm long, 0.6–2.5 cm wide.
    Distribution
    DISTR. Very widespread throughout tropical Africa from Senegal to Somalia and Arabia and south to S & SW Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2013 Luke [2685], Kenya K000752882
    Aug 1, 2013 Luke, P.A. [4511], Kenya K000752881
    Jan 1, 2010 Luke, W.R.Q. et al. [11899], Equatorial Guinea K000566721
    Jan 1, 1999 Itoh, N. [NI 97-44], Tanzania 74361.000
    Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [7056], Cameroon K000050145
    Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14958], Cameroon K000050143
    Dawkins, H.C. [354], Uganda 12243.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [867], Uganda 8598.000
    Troupin, G. [3198], Rwanda 12244.000
    Troupin, G. [4276], Congo, DRC 3239.000
    Ash [963], Ethiopia 36382.000
    Ash [394], Ethiopia 36387.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [2325], Tanzania 7359.000
    Cheek, M. [3467], Cameroon K000199874
    Cheek, M. [3467], Cameroon K000199875
    Guinea K000313011
    Dullinger [54], Senegal K000313005
    Schivoner [123], Burkina Faso K000386246
    Timberlake, J. [5225], Mozambique K000613953
    Leau, O.B. [12], Mali K000386249
    Schimper [197], Ethiopia K000312585 Unknown type material
    Schimper [197], Ethiopia K000312586 isotype
    Schimper [197], Ethiopia K000312587 Unknown type material
    Barthelat, F. [1503], France Eugenia guineensis K001001434

    First published in Prodr. 3: 259 (1828)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Friis in Fl. Eth. 2 (2): 77 (1996).
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 127, fig. 72.4, map (1994).
    • Thulin & Moggi in Fl. Somalia 1: 244, fig. 134 (1993).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 198 (1978).
    • Hepper, W. Afr. Herb. Isert & Thonning: 80 (1976).
    • Palmer & Pitman, Trees S. Afr.: 1681, fig. & photo. (p. 1682–1683) (1972).
    • Amshoff in Consp. Fl. Angol. 4: 104 (1970).
    • Boutique, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Myrtaceae: 13 (1968).
    • Amshoff in Fl. Gabon 11: 13 (1966).
    • Friedr.-Holzh. in Prodr. Fl. SW.-Afr. 97: 1 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 303 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 335, t. 20 (1961) pro parte.
    • Amshoff in Acta. Bot. Neerl. 9: 408 (1960).
    • Palgrave, Trees Centr. Afr.: 287, t. & photo. (1957).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 439 (1954).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 240 (1954).
    • Pardy in Rhodes. Agric. Journ.: 76, photo. (1952).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate: 273, t. 12, 60 (1952) pro parte.
    • Codd, Trees & Shrubs Kruger Nat. Park: 136, fig. 128/a–b (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 380 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert: 1: 667 (1948).
    • DC., Prodr. 3: 259 (1828).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/