1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Sisymbrium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Europe, Africa, Peru, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial medium-sized to tall herbs, with a taproot and usually erect ± branched stems, glabrous or with usually simple hairs
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, ebracteate, ± corymbose, with rather small flowers, in fruit cylindrical and elongate, usually rather lax
    Calyx
    Sepals somewhat spreading, not saccate, often hooded, Petals nearly always yellow, obovate to spathulate
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, with linear filaments; anthers oblong
    Nectaries
    Nectaries ± surrounding the lateral stamens and usually as strands outside each pair of median ones
    Pistil
    Ovary cylindrical, with a short style and usually bifid stigma; ovules few to numerous
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliqua, dehiscent (though sometimes tardily), linear to narrowly conical, and often very long; valves usually 3-nerved
    Seeds
    Seeds uniseriate or rarely biseriate, ± oblong, without prominent testa sculpture, not mucilaginous.
    [FZ]

    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with simple hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or pinnatifid.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually yellow in lax racemes.
    Calyx
    Sepals not or only slightly saccate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6.
    Fruits
    Silique long and slender with convex valves each with a prominent midrib and usually 2 less prominent lateral nerves, not or scarcely beaked.
    Seeds
    Cotyledons incumbent. Seeds 1-seriate, ovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Arizona, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, China South-Central, Chita, Colorado, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Mauritania, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Georgia, Greenland, Haiti, Iceland, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Niger, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yukon, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Sisymbrium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 657 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 296 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 657 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 86: 46 (1924)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 296 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 657 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0