1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Sisymbrium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Peru, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Annual, biennial or perennial medium-sized to tall herbs, with a taproot and usually erect ± branched stems, glabrous or with usually simple hairs
    Racemes terminal, ebracteate, ± corymbose, with rather small flowers, in fruit cylindrical and elongate, usually rather lax
    Sepals somewhat spreading, not saccate, often hooded, Petals nearly always yellow, obovate to spathulate
    Stamens 6, with linear filaments; anthers oblong
    Nectaries ± surrounding the lateral stamens and usually as strands outside each pair of median ones
    Ovary cylindrical, with a short style and usually bifid stigma; ovules few to numerous
    Fruit a siliqua, dehiscent (though sometimes tardily), linear to narrowly conical, and often very long; valves usually 3-nerved
    Seeds uniseriate or rarely biseriate, ± oblong, without prominent testa sculpture, not mucilaginous.

    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with simple hairs.
    Leaves entire or pinnatifid.
    Flowers usually yellow in lax racemes.
    Sepals not or only slightly saccate.
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens 6.
    Silique long and slender with convex valves each with a prominent midrib and usually 2 less prominent lateral nerves, not or scarcely beaked.
    Cotyledons incumbent. Seeds 1-seriate, ovoid.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Arizona, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Idaho, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, Niger, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Georgia, Greenland, Haiti, Iceland, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yukon, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Sisymbrium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 657 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 296 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 657 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 86: 46 (1924)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 296 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 657 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0