1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum phragmitoides Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Robust, tufted or shortly rhizomatous perennial; culms (100–)120–180 cm. high, usually unbranched.
    Leaves
    Leaf-sheaths glabrous; blades linear, 50–75 cm. long, 5–15(–20) mm. wide, tapering at the base, flat, glabrous or pilose, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle usually erect and spreading, ovate to oblong, 30–60 cm. long, much branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovate, (2.8–)3–4(–4.2) mm. long, pallid, often purple tipped; lower glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, ovate, 5-nerved, acuminate; upper glume ovate, 7-nerved; lower lemma (7–)9-nerved, male, its palea well developed; upper lemma pale and glossy.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland on sandy soils; 450–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 westwards to Guinéesouthwards to Zimbabwe and Angola
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Robust reed-like grass up to 2 in. high
    Ecology
    In savanna, on dry soils.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Robust, tufted or shortly rhizoinatous perennial with erect culms 100–200 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 50–75 cm. long and 5–15(20) mm. wide, linear, acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle (20)30–60 cm. long, ovate to oblong, moderately branched.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4 mm. long, ovate; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, ovate, 5-nerved, straight or recurved acuminate; superior glume 7-nerved, acuminate; inferior lemma 7–9-nerved, its palea well developed, enclosing a male flower, superior lemma pale and glossy.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms robust; (100-)120-180 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades tapering towards sheath; 50-75 cm long; 5-15(-20) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 30-60 cm long. Primary panicle branches 15-25 in number; 3-5 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; (2.8-)3-4(-4.2) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; (2.8-)3-4(-4.2) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid, or purple; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; (7-)9 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; dorsally compressed; 2.8-4.2 mm long; indurate; pallid; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Myanmar

    Panicum phragmitoides Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Geerling, C. [1229], Burkina Faso K000386727
    Jan 1, 1963 Kmoch [114], Burkina Faso K000386736
    Jan 1, 1963 Kmoch [133], Burkina Faso K000386737
    Jan 1, 1963 Kmoch [156], Burkina Faso K000386738
    Oct 1, 1962 Brunt, M.A. [22], Cameroon K000182340
    Dec 1, 1961 Boughey, A.S. [11148], Cameroon K000182337
    Dec 1, 1961 Rose Innes, R. [31490], Burkina Faso K000386733
    Dec 1, 1961 Rose Innes, R. [31529], Burkina Faso K000386734
    Allen, C.E.F. [131], Mozambique K000255439 holotype
    Allen, C.E.F. [131], Mozambique K000255440 holotype
    Rose Innes, R. [31083], Burkina Faso K000386735
    Adam, J.G. [15124], Mali K000386723
    Welwtisch [7213], Angola K000282498 isosyntype
    Welwtisch [7254], Angola K000282499 isosyntype
    Welwtisch [7434], Angola K000282500 isosyntype
    Scholz [18], Burkina Faso K000386728
    Scholz [18], Burkina Faso K000386729
    Scholz [15], Burkina Faso K000386730
    Scholz [15], Burkina Faso K000386731
    Heath, J. [8], Mali K000386722
    Saadou, M. [1410], Burkina Faso K000386726
    Naegele, A. [32], Burkina Faso K000386725
    Dalebroux, R. [4005], Mali K000386724
    Gillett, S. [13], Cameroon K000182338

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 677 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 21.
    • in F.T.A. 9: 677 (1920)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 432 (1972).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 52 (1958).
    • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 2: 192 (1934).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 677 (1920).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0