1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum complanatum Guglieri, Longhi-Wagner & Zuloaga

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Minas Gerais).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 35-60 cm long. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; distally pilose. Culm-nodes pubescent. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths retrorsely scabrous; hirsute. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.2-1 mm long. Collar pilose. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 14-24 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 25 cm long; hirsute above. Panicle open; ovate; loose; 10-20 cm long; 5-12 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 4-5 in number; ascending. Panicle axis scaberulous; hirsute. Panicle branches pubescent in axils. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels clavate; 3-8 mm long; ciliate; hairy all along but hairs longer above.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 4.7-5.5 mm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 4.7-5.5 mm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 3-3.5 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4.3-4.7 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough at apex. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 9 -veined; smooth, or scaberulous; rough at apex; acuminate. Palea of lower sterile floret hyaline; (1.3-)2.3-2.5 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3-5.1 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; indurate; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface smooth; with basal hair tufts near margin. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate. Palea surface papillose; pilose; hairy in a transverse fringe; hairy at base.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 1.9-2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ellipsoid; 2 mm long. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gug. et al 2008.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Panicum complanatum Guglieri, Longhi-Wagner & Zuloaga appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Bot. 31: 506 (2006)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0