Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Sturdy succulent shrub, with an unbranched or few-branched stem, erect to 3 m. high; stem 3–5 cm. thick, obscurely 5-angled, with scattered spirally arranged projections or tubercles crowned by clusters of reddish brown usually branching spines 2–6 mm. long, surface pale green with a white waxy bloom.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, fleshy, obovate, to 33 × 23 cm., apex rounded, margin entire or with a few small teeth towards the base, midrib keeled with scattered spines on the lower surface; basal leaves and those of young plants pubescent on both surfaces, upper leaves completely glabrous; leaf-scars to 1 cm. wide, flanked by small triangular stipular spines to 0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes on peduncles to 15 cm. long, 3–5-angled, ± densely covered with reddish brown often branching spines to 4 mm. long, 4–6-forked (or more), with cyme-branches to 6 cm. long progressively shorter above, spiny, the whole inflorescence brilliant red; bract-cup ± 6 × 8 mm., notched to ± halfway between obtuse apices and sharply keeled rigidly toothed midribs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia ± 6 × 4 mm., with barrel-shaped involucres narrowed at the top; glandular rim 2 mm. high; lobes subquadrate, ± 2.3 × 1.8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate, minutely plumose; stamens 4 mm. long. Female flower:perianth 3-lobed with lobes 1 mm. long; styles 1.8 mm. long, joined at the base, spreading, with thickened rugulose bifid apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles laciniate, minutely plumose; stamens 4 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:perianth 3-lobed with lobes 1 mm. long; styles 1.8 mm. long, joined at the base, spreading, with thickened rugulose bifid apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a pedicel to 7 mm. long, obtusely 3-lobed, ± 5 × 5.5 mm., with a pair of crenulate ridges along each angle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, 4-angled, with truncate ends, 2.8 × 1.5 mm., grey, tuberculate; caruncle stipitate, pointed, 1 mm. in diameter.
Figures
Fig. 103/6, p. 550.
Habitat
Sandy soil on rocky slopes in dense deciduous mixed woodland; 800–1065 m.
Distribution
known only from the Iringa Escarpment T7

Native to:

Tanzania

Euphorbia spectabilis (S.Carter) Bruyns appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 20, 1990 Carter [2599], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile K000453182
May 20, 1986 Polhill, R.M. [1336], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile K000453183
Carter [2599], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile 56113.000
Polhill, R. [1336A], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile 6616.000
Polhill, R. [1336], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile 7070.000
Greenway, P.J. [14522], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile K000253473 holotype
Greenway, P.J. [14522], Tanzania Monadenium spectabile K000253474 holotype

First published in Taxon 55: 415 (2006)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0