1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne aprica (Á.Löve & Connor) C.Yen & J.L.Yang

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand South Island.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent, or elongated. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long. Culm-nodes black. Leaf-sheaths 7-10 cm long; keeled; striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate; 0.3-0.5 mm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.3-0.5 mm long. Collar ciliate. Leaf-blades 20-30 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; glabrous, or pilose. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 18-25 cm long; bearing 3-7 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets spreading, or deflexed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 30-50 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 30-50 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-3 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-10 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-10 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 10-14 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma margins scaberulous. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical, or from a sinus; straight, or curved; 22-45 mm long overall. Palea 6-13 mm long. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1-2.5 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 4-9 mm long; yellow, or purple. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 7-10 mm long. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Connor 2000.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand South

    Anthosachne aprica (Á.Löve & Connor) C.Yen & J.L.Yang appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Xiao mai zu sheng wu xi tong xue: 232 (2006)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0