1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthosachne Steud.
      1. Anthosachne falcis (Connor) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand South Island.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations extravaginal and intravaginal. Culms decumbent, or prostrate; 10-35 cm long. Culm-internodes glaucous; smooth. Leaf-sheaths 2-5 cm long; striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pubescent; with reflexed hairs. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-0.5 mm long; erose. Collar glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blades curved; terete; 5-15 cm long; 0.5-0.7 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially, or on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 2-10 cm long; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened; smooth on margins, or scaberulous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 40-50 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-2 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 40-50 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1.5-2 mm long; pubescent. Floret callus 0.75 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-9 mm long; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate to setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8-12 mm long; coriaceous; pruinose; keeled. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; reflexed; 30-50 mm long overall. Palea 7-10 mm long. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 1.2-1.4 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 2.4-2.5 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 6-6.5 mm long. Embryo 0.15 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Connor 2000.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand South

    Anthosachne falcis (Connor) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Telopea 13: 49 (2011)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0