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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa bovonei (Chiov.) A.M.Torres & C.M.Morton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial; culms 25–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat (or some of them convolute), 3–30 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1–)3–5 racemes on an axis 3–10 cm. long; racemes 1–5 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis, its margins sparsely ciliate with white or yellow hairs 1–2 mm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 3.2–4.5 mm. long, pubescent, subacute; lower glume 2/3 to almost as long as the spikelet, 5–11-nerved, obtuse; upper glume 5–7-nerved, with cross-veins, not separated from the lower; lower lemma 5-nerved, the laterals near the margin, connected by cross-veins; upper lemma slightly roughened, subacute.
    Habitat
    Swamp margins and damp places in deciduous bushland; 1200–2500 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K4 K6 T1 T2 T4 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 Rwanda, Zaire and southward to Zimbabwe
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 20–100 cm. high.
    Leaf lamina
    Leaf laminae 2–6 mm. wide, flat or some of them convolute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1)2–5 racemes, these 1–5 cm. long, bearing spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis c. 0.5 mm. wide (sometimes narrowly winged), its margins sparsely ciliate with white or yellow hairs up to 2 mm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4(4.5) mm. long, pubescent, subacute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 2/3 to almost as long as spikelet, 5–11-nerved.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume 2/3 to almost as long as spikelet, 5–11-nerved.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma obscurely rugulose.
    Superior
    Superior lemma obscurely rugulose.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 25-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear; flat, or convolute; 3-30 cm long; 2-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (1-)3-5; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-10 cm long. Rhachis wingless; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs white, or yellow; 1-2 mm long. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 3.2-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 3.2-4.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.66-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-11 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; with cross-veins; dentate; 2 -fid; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa bovonei (Chiov.) A.M.Torres & C.M.Morton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whyte, A., Malawi Brachiaria bovonei K000282081
    Dowson, W.J. [296] Brachiaria bovonei K000282080
    Homblé [5], Zaïre Brachiaria bovonei K000282155 holotype
    Rogers, F.A. [10139], Zaire Brachiaria bovonei K000282079
    Nobbs, A.E. [674], Zimbabwe Brachiaria bovonei K000282078 syntype
    Craster, W., Mrs. [19], Zimbabwe Brachiaria bovonei K000282082
    Pires, J.M. [14864], Brazil Brachiaria bovonei K001102329

    Bibliography

    First published in Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 37: 42 (2005)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria bovonei.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0