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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa subulifolia (Mez) Torres Gonz. & C.M.Morton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Northern Prov.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Like B. bovonei but leaf laminae up to 1 mm. diam., subterete, filiform.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 20-100 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; terete; 5-20 cm long; 0.5-1 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (1-)2-4; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-5 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs white, or yellow. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 2.8-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 2.8-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-9 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; with cross-veins; pubescent; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.5-3.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Densely tufted perennial; culms 20–100 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades filiform, subterete, 5–20 cm. long, up to 1 mm. in diameter.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1–)2–4 racemes on an axis 1–5 cm. long; racemes 1–3 cm. long, bearing the spikelets singly on a triquetrous rhachis, its margins usually sparsely ciliate with white or yellow hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 2.8–4 mm. long; pubescent, subacute; lower glume 2/3–3/4 as long as the spikelet, 5–9-nerved, obtuse; upper glume 5–7-nerved, with a few cross-veins, not separated from the lower; lower lemma 5-nerved, the laterals near the margin, connected by cross-veins; upper lemma slightly roughened, subacute.
    Habitat
    Damp soils and streamsides; 930–2600 m.
    Distribution
    T7 T8 southward to South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa subulifolia (Mez) Torres Gonz. & C.M.Morton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gossweiler, J. [2001], Angola Brachiaria subulifolia K000282084 syntype
    de Winter, B. [164], South Africa Brachiaria subulifolia K000282063
    Mundy, H.G., Zimbabwe Brachiaria subulifolia K000282086 syntype
    Mundy, H.G., Zimbabwe Brachiaria subulifolia K000282085 syntype
    Colonial Herbarium [2107], Zimbabwe Brachiaria subulifolia K000282083 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 37: 42 (2005)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0