1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus siphonospathus Mart. ex Walp.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Taiwan (Lan Yü) to N. Sulawesi.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Stems solitary, to 30 m long and 5 cm diameter (with leaf sheaths); leaf sheaths yellowish-brown, sparsely covered with needle-like, yellowish spines to 1 cm long; knee obscure; ocreas present, membranous; flagella absent; petioles to 20 cm long; pinnae to 50 per side of rachis, linear, regularly arranged, closely spaced to 2 cm apart; cirri present, to 1 m long. Inflorescence bracts open and swollen near the apex; fruits ellipsoid, to 0.6 cm long and 0.4 cm diameter, yellowish-brown.
    Vernacular
    Lanyu sheng-teng.
    Distribution
    Taiwan, known only from Lanyu Island (Botel Tobago).
    Biology
    Scrub forest at low elevations.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan

    Calamus siphonospathus Mart. ex Walp. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Baja-Lapis, A. [510], Philippines K000462813
    Madulid, D.A. [5280], Philippines Calamus microcarpus var. longiocrea K000207816 holotype
    Jul 16, 2007 Dayan, M. [1201], Philippines Calamus microcarpus K000462810
    Baja-Lapis, A. [511], Philippines Calamus microcarpus K000462814
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6238], Philippines Calamus dimorphacanthus var. benguetensis K000207835 holotype
    Dransfield, J. [JD3738], Indonesia Calamus siphonospathus var. dransfieldii K000207856 holotype

    First published in Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 491 (1852)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Baja-Lapis, A.C. (2010). A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans: 1-214. Asia Life Sciences, Laguna, Philippines.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., A New Species of Calamus (Palmae) from Taiwan in Taiwania 50(3). 2005

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0