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This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.


Santamaría-Aguilar, D. & Monro, A.K. (2019). Compendium of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) of South America including eleven new species and the typification of 22 names. Kew Bulletin 74: 14.

Freziera risaraldana is known from a single gathering from Cerro Tamana in Tatamá National Park. A survey of Cerro Tamana and Tatamá National Park using the Global Forest Watch (2014) interactive map suggests that there has been no deforestation within a 10 km radius of the peak (3870 m) or within the 519 km2 of the national park. Using the documented gathering and applying Criteria D of the IUCN (2001) guidelines F. risaraldana is assessed as Vulnerable (VU) under subcriteria D2. A plausible future threat will be from land conversion for agriculture associated with economic changes expected following the ending of civil war in 2016 (Baptiste et al. 2017).
Freziera risaraldana is endemic to Colombia and known only from the type locality close to the border between the Departments of La Risaralda and Chocó.
The collection label gives no information about the habitat or coordinates, but the elevation, 3400 – 3700 m, would suggest that it grows at or close to the tree-line.
Morphology Branches
Mature branches terete, solid, the outer bark greyish-white; leaf-bearing branches terete, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, the hairs pale brown, c. 0.3 mm long, pustulate, striate, markedly lenticellate, the lenticels whitish, elliptical-Terminal bud conduplicate-involute, 1.7 – 2.3 cm long, sparsely pubescent, hairs pale brown, 0.7 – 1 mm long
Morphology General Habit
Tree 5 m tall; trunk with external and internal bark not described
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, petiole 0.5 – 1 cm long, adaxially grooved, abaxially rounded, sparsely pubescent, hairs pale brown, shortly winged, lightly involute, their margins entire; colleters 1 in petiole base; lamina 4.9 – 6.5 × 3 – 4 cm, elliptic to ovate; base obtuse to rounded, not revolute, both sides equal, apex obtuse, bearing a single and curved black seta, caducous; margin crenate, with 25 – 30 teeth per side, each tooth with a black, conical, caducous seta, the seta not ringed by hairs; adaxial surface almost glabrous, not pustulate; abaxial surface almost glabrous, veins glabrous, hairs not associated with papillae, pale brown, 0.6 – 1 mm long; midrib flat to slightly raised, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on young leaves on adaxial side, raised, more or less rounded to triangular, sparsely pubescent, striate, pustulate on abaxial side; lateral veins 13 – 16 per side (including some intermediate), flat and impressed on the adaxial side, slightly raised on the abaxial side; tertiary veins reticulate, not very conspicuous on either side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 6 – 7 mm diam. in bud; sepals 5, imbricate; external sepals 4 – 5 × 4.5 – 5 mm, widely ovate, abaxial and adaxial surface glabrous, margin entire, sometimes with small setae near the base, sparsely ciliate, apex obtuse; inner sepals 4 – 4.1 × 4 – 4.5 mm, widely ovate, external and internal surface glabrous, margin entire, apex obtuse; petals 5, 5 – 6.3 × 2.2 – 4.2 mm, white, glabrous, distinct, ovate, margin entire, apex acute Staminate flowers: stamens 22 – 25, 2.4 – 4.6 mm long, free, unequal; filaments 1 – 3.5 mm long, flat; anthers 1.1 – 1.5 mm long, not locellate, base obtuse to truncate, apex apiculate; gynoecium 3 – 4 mm long, conical, glabrous, 3-locular; style simple; stigmatic lobes 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences fasciculate, axillary, bearing 1 flower per axil; pedicel 3 – 3.5 mm long, terete, deflexed, glabrous; bracts 2 – 3.5 × 1.5 – 3 mm, at the base of pedicel, persistent, lanceolate to triangular, not keeled, external surface sparsely pubescent, internal surface glabrous, margin with conspicuous setae, apex acute, with a black, conical terminal seta; bracteoles 2, 3 – 3.1 × 2.5 – 4 mm, persistent, opposite, at apex of pedicel, unequal, widely ovate, not keeled or sometimes one of them slightly keeled, abaxial and adaxial surface glabrous, margin entire, not ciliate or scattered ciliate, apex rounded
Freziera risaraldana can be recognised by the combination of near glabrous branches, leaves and flowers, short winged petiole with lightly involute wings, leaf margin conspicuously toothed, bracts with conspicuous setae on the margin, and markedly lenticellate leaf-bearing branches. Freziera risaraldana is most similar to F. retinervia Kobuski, also from Colombia (Norte de Santander Department) but can be distinguished on the basis of petiole and pedicel length and stamen number. Freziera risaraldana is named for Risaralda Department, Colombia, where this species occurs.
Only documented in flower bud in June.
Colombia, Departamento de Risaralda, Municipio de Pueblo Rico, Tamaná [Cerro Tamaná], 3400 – 3700 m, 20 – 23 June 1997 (fl. bud), W. G. Vargas 3867 (holotype: MO [MO2560393]).

Native to:


Freziera risaraldana D.Santam. & A.K.Monro appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 74(1)-14: 34 (2019)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.