1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Genus: Brackenridgea A.Gray
      1. Brackenridgea arenaria (De Wild. & T.Durand) N.Robson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Burundi to N. Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Subshrub 0.05–1(–2) m tall from an often branched rhizome; bark brown or greyish, ± rough, flaking; branches purplish with pale lenticels, becoming paler.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate, less often obovate, 2.5–12(–16) cm long, 1.2–3.7 cm wide, acute or mucronate to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, margin glandular-serrate or rarely entire with venation similar to B. zanguebarica; petiole 1–4(–14) mm long; stipules laciniate or fin-like, persistent on young stems.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or 2–4 in fascicles, the fascicles often clustered together at the base of young shoots, appearing before the leaves; pedicels (0.9–)1.3–2.5 cm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals pink, oblong, at first 5–6 mm long, rounded, spreading or reflexed after flowering, becoming crimson-red in fruit and enlarging to 8–10 mm.
    Corolla
    Petals white, often tinged pink or with a pink central line, obovate to narrowly-oblanceolate, 6–8 mm long, narrowed to the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens (13–19)20(–21–22); anthers yellow, 1.5–2 mm long, often twisting spirally after dehiscence.
    Pistil
    Carpels 5–7 with styles completely united; stigma small.
    Fruits
    Drupelets black, 6–8 mm long and wide.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, grassland; 1150–1200 m
    Distribution
    T1 T4
    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Rhizomatous shrublet or shrub up to 1 (2) m. high, frequently flowering just above ground level, with bark brown, ± rough, flaking; branches striate, purplish with pale lenticels at first, becoming white or pale brown and then ± ferrugineous, with bark not usually exfoliating.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina 4–12·4 (16) ×1·2–3·7 cm., oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate or more rarely obovate, acute or mucronate to rounded at the apex, with margin densely ± curved-glandular-serrulate or more rarely entire, cuneate at the base, herbaceous to chartaceous, with primary lateral nerves ascending, interconnected by more widely spreading secondary laterals in turn linked by tertiary cross-veins, prominent above, plane below; petiole 1–4 (14) mm. long, rather stout, flat or grooved above.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or 1–4 in fascicles, often with several fascicles clustered together, at the base of current year’s shoots, appearing before the leaves; pedicels (0·9) 1·3–2·5 cm. long in fruit.
    Calyx
    Sepals pink, 5–6 mm. long in flower, oblong, rounded, spreading or reflexed after flowering, becoming crimson-red, 8–10 mm. long, broadly oblong, flat and spreading or reflexed in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals white, frequently tinged pink or with pink centre line, 6–8 mm. long, obovate to narrowly oblanceolate, narrowed at the base but not clawed.
    Stamens
    Stamens (13–19) 20 (21–22), with anthers yellow, 1·5–2 mm. long, 3/4–11/4 times as long as the filaments, straight, often twisting spirally after dehiscence.
    Carpels
    Carpels 5–7, with styles completely united; stigma small, scarcely lobed.
    Fruits
    Drupelets 6–8 × 6–7 mm., curved-lenticular, compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Congo, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Brackenridgea arenaria (De Wild. & T.Durand) N.Robson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1961 Baum, H. [813], Angola K000431315 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1961 Carson, A. [8], Zambia K000431314 Unknown type material
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7929], Zambia 25335.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2627], Zambia Ochna roseiflora 21874.000

    First published in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 36: 37 (1962)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ochnaceae: 1-60.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Bamps, P. & Farron, C. (1967). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Ochnaceae: 1-66. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • du Toit & Obermayer, Flora of Southern Africa 22: 5 (1976).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 254, t. 46b (1963).
    • Robson in Bol. Soc. Bot., Sér. 2, 36: 37 (1962)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0