1. Family: Ochnaceae DC.
    1. Genus: Brackenridgea A.Gray
      1. Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Ochnaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree (0·3) 2–10 (15) m. high, with bark black or dark grey, very rough; branches striate, purplish with pale lenticels at first, becoming white or yellowish-white, not usually exfoliating.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina 2·7–7·7 (9·2) × (0·9) 1·1–2·6 (3) cm., oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, acute or shortly acuminate or mucronate to rounded at the apex, with margin densely glandular-serrulate, cuneate at the base, herbaceous, with primary lateral nerves ascending, interconnected by more widely spreading secondary laterals in turn linked by tertiary cross-veins, prominent above but less so or almost plane below; petiole 1–2·5 mm. long, rather slender, grooved above.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or 2–4 in fascicles, axillary or terminating short shoots, appearing before the leaves, scented; pedicels 1–2 cm. long in fruit.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–4 (5) mm. long in flower, oblong, rounded, reflexed after flowering, becoming crimson, 7–9 (10) mm. long, narrowly oblong, flat and spreading in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals white to creamy white, 4–5 mm. long, oblong-oblanceolate, narrowed at the base but not clawed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10 (11), with anthers yellow, 1·5–2·5 mm. long, about 3/4–11/2 times as long as the filaments, straight, usually twisting spirally after dehiscence.
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, with styles completely united; stigma small, scarcely lobed.
    Fruits
    Drupelets curved-lenticular, compressed, 6–7 × 6–7 mm.
    [FTEA]

    Ochnaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree (0.3–)2–10(–15) m tall, deciduous, with tough or deeply furrowed black or dark grey corky bark, yellow beneath; branches at first purplish with pale lenticels, later whitish.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, 2.5–7.7(–11.8) cm long, (0.9–)1–2.6(–3.6) cm wide, acute or shortly mucronate to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, densely glandular-serrate, the teeth often a characteristic orange-brown; venation with primary lateral veins ascending, with more widely spreading secondary laterals and tertiary cross veins, prominent above; petiole 1–2.5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers appearing before the leaves or when leaves are young or few, solitary or 2.4(–8) in fascicles, axillary or terminating short shoots, scented; pedicels 1–2 cm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals white or greenish, oblong, 3–4(–5) mm long, rounded, reflexed after flowering and becoming crimson, enlarging to 7–9(–10) mm in fruit and more spreading.
    Corolla
    Petals white or cream, oblong-lanceolate, 4–5 mm long, narrowed to base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10–11; anthers yellow, 1.5–2.5 mm long.
    Carpels
    Carpels 5; styles completely united.
    Fruits
    Drupelets black, 6–7 mm long and wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 6 (p. 41).
    Habitat
    Coastal bushland and wooded grassland, Brachystegia woodland, lowland Julbernardia evergreen forest; 0–1050 m (see note)
    Distribution
    K7 T2 T3 T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Brackenridgea zanguebarica Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1961 Oliver [1356], Zimbabwe K000384365
    Jan 1, 1961 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [189], Zimbabwe K000384361
    Oct 3, 1935 Hildebrandt, J.M. [1966], Kenya K000431309 Unknown type material
    Tanzania K000431311 isotype
    Tanzania K000431312 isotype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9320], Tanzania 3190.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7878], Tanzania 3191.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7691], Tanzania 710.000
    Robson, N.K. [1133], Malawi 3189.000
    Chase, N.C. [5816], Zimbabwe K000384362
    Chase, N.C. [5816], Zimbabwe K000384363
    Chase, N.C. [6995], Zimbabwe K000384373
    Chase, N.C. [6372], Zimbabwe K000384375
    Ball, J.S. [704], Zimbabwe K000384376
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K000431313 holotype
    Faulkner, H.M. [2139], Tanzania 16459.000
    Kirk [140], Tanzania K000431310 holotype
    Pope, G.V. [1376], Zimbabwe K000384368
    Wild, H. [6651], Zimbabwe K000384370
    Goldsmith, B. [218], Zimbabwe K000384371
    Goldsmith, B. [219], Zimbabwe K000384372
    Mavi, S. [795], Zimbabwe K000384367
    Goodier, R. [128], Zimbabwe K000384377
    Goodier, R. [128], Zimbabwe K000384378
    Phelps, R.J. [261], Zimbabwe K000384374
    Müller, T. [569], Zimbabwe K000384360
    Ngoni, J.F. [40], Zimbabwe K000384366
    Masterson, G.M. [462], Zimbabwe K000384369
    [Melsetter] [6818], Zimbabwe K000384364

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 11: t. 1096 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Ochnaceae: 1-60.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 121, fig. (1994).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 25 (1980).
    • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 100 (1964).
    • Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 252, t. 46a (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 336 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 381 (1949).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (2): 486 (1921).
    • Oliv. in Hook. lc. 11: 77, t. 1096 (1871).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0