1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Leucosphaera Gilg
      1. Leucosphaera bainesii (Hook.f.) Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Dwarf shrub, 8–45 cm. tall, much-branched and frequently gnarled about the base; branches terete, striate, the older parts glabrescent with a greyish to brownish cortex, the young twigs densely canescent with appressed, whitish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly or broadly elliptic to lanceolate or ovate, 10–30 (40) × 3–12 (17) cm., subacute to acute (obtuse to retuse occasionally in the inferior leaves), equally densely furnished on both surfaces with appressed whitish hairs or somewnat less so above (glabrescent and darkening with age), cuneate or attenuate at the base with a short (2–5 mm. long) petiole.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1.5–2 cm. in diam., hemispherical in flower and more or less spherical in fruit, formed of densely set partial inflorescences of 1–2 fertile and 1–2 sterile flowers (very occasionally a triad may be found in the largest plants).
    Bracts
    Bracts deltoid lanceolate, hyaline, (3)4–5 mm. long, densely pilose centrally below and at the apex, shortly aristate with the excurrent darker midrib.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles of the partial inflorescences (5)7.7.5 mm. long, narrowly deltoid-ovate, hyaline, the darker midrib forming a plumose-hairy arista (1)2–3 mm. long; bracteoles of the sterile flowers c. (5)7 mm. long, densely hairy except at the extreme base, basal half narrowly elliptical or lanceolate, the upper half an arista formed by the excurrent plumose-pilose midrib.
    Flowers
    Sterile flowers of a few (2–4) narrow, plumose-hairy, linear, bracteoliform processes.
    Sterile
    Sterile flowers of a few (2–4) narrow, plumose-hairy, linear, bracteoliform processes.
    Tepal
    Outer 2 tepals of fertile flowers c. (5.5)7–9 mm. long, lanceolate, obscurely 3-nerved, the excurrent midrib forming an arista (2)3–4 mm. long, margins hyaline below; inner 3 tepals similar, scarcely shorter but more expanded below with broader hyaline margins; aristae of all tepals plumose-hairy.
    Pistil
    Ovary pyriform, c. 1 mm. long, furnished with dense, erect, white hairs except at the extreme base; style slender, c. 3–4 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens (2.5)3.5–4 mm. long; filaments slender, abruptly expanded in about the basal one-third and fused into a cup, with acute sinuses between; anthers narrowly oblong, c. 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit shortly cylindrical, (1.5)2–2.25 mm. long, densely erect-pilose on the firm, flat apex, the delicate walls glabrous; seed brown, c. 2 mm. long, shining, feebly reticulate (not perfectly mature).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Leucosphaera bainesii (Hook.f.) Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 26, 2009 Crawford, F. [191], Namibia K000450298
    Baines, T. [s.n.], Botswana K000243592 Unknown type material

    First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 153 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/