1. Family: Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Genus: Jasminum L.
      1. Jasminum fluminense Vell.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Generally a climbing or scrambling shrub with the young branches, and the calyces puberulous or tomentose to nearly or quite glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves trifoliolate, opposite; leaflet blades ovate, broadly ovate, to nearly rounded or (rarely) slightly oblate, variable in size but usually about 2–5 cm. long and 1.5–3.5 cm. broad (up to 7 cm. long and 6 cm. broad), midrib slightly impressed on upper and with the lateral veins prominent on lower surface; petiolule to terminal leaflet 0.6–2 cm. long, to lateral leaflets 0.3–1 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and lateral, the final cymes having 3 to about 120 flowers, the lower numbers on the lateral and the higher on the terminal ones.
    Calyx
    Calyx (at anthesis) 1.5–3 mm. long and 1.5–2 mm. in diameter at the apex which is sometimes more or less truncate but often extended into well-developed lobes.
    Corolla
    Corollas scented, white or with the tube yellowish; tube 1–2.5 cm. long.
    Habitat
    Forests, woodlands, bushland, and grassland, sometimes scrambling on rocks, or on abandoned areas of cultivation; 210–1950 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 50 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    [FZ]

    Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Climber with long flexuous twining stems, attaining 6 m.; nodes of main branches well spaced.
    Shoots
    Young shoots, petioles and peduncles smooth and glabrous or more usually crispate–pilose or lanate, the indurnentum pale greenish–yellow; bark of older branches at first smooth and brown, later cracking to reveal yellow streaks.
    Leaves
    Leaves trifoliolate, glabrous or more usually whitish– or yellowish–pilose on both surfaces.
    Petiole
    Petiole 0·5–2·5 cm. long; petiolules of lateral leaflets 0·4–1·8 cm. long, of terminal leaflets 1·2–2 cm. long.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets ovate, elliptic or suborbicular, the apex acuminate, rounded or rarely emarginate, almost always with apiculum, the base rounded or acute; terminal leaflet 2·7–9 x 1·3–5 cm., lateral leaflets 1·2–6 x 0·8–3·8 cm.
    Domatia
    Acarodomatia present, usually only in axils of lower lateral nerves but occasionally occurring almost to leaflet apex.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal several– to many–flowered corymbs, strongly scented; pedicels up to 3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous or pubescent, tube 1·5–2 (2·5) mm. long, with 5–6 minute triangular teeth 0·25–0·5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, often tinged red on outer surface; tube 11–28 mm. long; lobes (5) 6–9, 7–5–11 x 2·5–4 mm., elliptic with rounded and minutely apiculate apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted near the top of corolla tube; filaments up to 2·5 mm. long; anthers 3·4 mm. long, reaching to base of corolla lobes or up to 1 anther length distant.
    Style
    Style either exserted from or 1/3–1/2 as long as tube.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1–2–lobed, lobes subglobose, 6–7 mm. long when dry.
    [FWTA]

    Oleaceae, P. S. Green. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A scandent shrub
    Flowers
    Flowers cream-coloured or white tinged with pink, fragrant
    Fruits
    Fruits black.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Belize, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Common Names

    English
    Wild jasminum

    Jasminum fluminense Vell. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 7, 2007 Kayombo, C.J. et al. [4257], Tanzania K000449216
    Sep 7, 2007 Juma, A. [14], Tanzania K000449217
    Sep 7, 2007 Fakih, S.A. [206], Tanzania K000449219
    Sep 7, 2007 Abeid, Y.S. [1650], Tanzania K000449218
    Mozambique 38998.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10931], Tanzania 28469.000
    Gossweiler, J. [466], Angola K001008314
    Dawe, M.T. [359], Angola K001008313
    Lindeman, J.C. [6368], Brazil K001212371
    Welwitsch [931], Angola K001008298
    Welwitsch [923], Angola K001008301
    Gardner, G. [1058], Brazil K001212370
    Gardner, G. [1058], Brazil K001212374
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2501], Angola K001008295
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2495], Angola K001008296
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2495], Angola K001008297
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2704], Angola K001008299
    Burchell, W.J. [1301], Brazil K001212376
    Cole, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000233149 Unknown type material
    Peters [s.n.], Mozambique K000233126
    Lort Phillips, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000233150 Unknown type material
    Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K001008300
    Borges, A. [278], Angola K001008303
    Henriques, C. [248], Angola K001008311
    Couto, C. [77], Angola K001008308
    Menezes, A. [3418], Angola K001008304
    Menezes, A. [3254], Angola K001008305
    Menezes, A. [3509], Angola K001008306
    Menezes, A. [3330], Angola K001008307
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [4877], Brazil K001212372
    de Menezes, A. [1400], Angola K001008302
    de Menezes, A. [763], Angola K001008309
    de Menezes, A. [752], Angola K001008310
    de Menezes, A. [765], Angola K001008312
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001212369
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001212373
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001212375

    First published in Fl. Flumin. 1: 10, t. 23 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Green, P. & Miller, D. (2009). The genus Jasminum in cultivation: 1-150. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Turrill F.T.E.A. Oleac. 19
    • Dandy in Kew Bull. 1950: 368
    • Exell Cat. S. Tomé Suppl. 33.
    • Fl. Flumin. Atlas 1, t. 23 (1827)
    • Fl. Flumin. 10 (1825)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dandy in Kew Bulletin 1950: 368 (1951).
    • Vell., Fl. Flumin. Atl. 1, t. 23 (1827).
    • Vell., Fl. Flumin. 10 (1825).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/