1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pandiaka Benth. & Hook.f.
      1. Pandiaka angustifolia (Vahl) Hepper

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual herb, usually considerably divaricately branched, 0.2–0.8(–1.2) m.; stem and branches strongly ridged, often ± red, moderately to densely pilose with upwardly directed ± appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear, 15–80 × 1–11(–14) mm., narrowed to both ends, apex mucronate, thinly to moderately pilose on the upper surface, moderately to densely so on the lower, hairs appressed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence white or frequently pink-tinged especially about the tip, subglobose to cylindrical, (1–)1.6–5 cm. long and 1.2–1.8 cm. wide, sessile at the ends of stem and branches, on an involucre of 2–4 leaves up to 6.5 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, 3–5.5 mm., white-membranous, glabrous or finely ciliate-margined, the midrib excurrent in a pale sharp ± 1 mm. arista.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles ovate, white-membranous, sparingly to considerably furnished with long white hairs along the dorsal surface of the midrib, (3.5–)5–8 mm., the midrib excurrent into a ± 1–2 mm. ± recurving arista.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile.
    Tepal
    Tepals firm, opaque, lanceolate, narrowly hyaline-margined, usually greenish centrally; outer 2 at first 4.5–6 mm., equalling or slightly exceeding the bracteoles, lengthening to 7–8 mm. and clearly exceeding the bracteoles in fruit, ± densely furnished with long variably spreading white hairs, 5–7-nerved in transmitted light, the tips erect or ± spreading, pale or brownish, awn-like; inner 2 slightly shorter and narrower, obscurely 3-nerved, glabrous, tips usually erect; middle tepal intermediate, sparingly pilose; all indurate, white and shining at the base in fruit, fused below the ovary by incurved appendages, with a central basal cavity set over a cone-shaped protuberance by which the bracteoles are joined.
    Fruits
    Fruiting perianth first falling from the bracteoles, and later the bracteoles from the bract. Capsule oblong-ovoid, 2 mm.; apex cup-shaped with the style set in the base of the concavity, basal part hyaline and delicate below the firm circumferential rim.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2.5–3 mm., pseudostaminodes ± 0.75–1 mm., oblong, truncate-excavate with an incurved lobule at the tip, dorsal scale minute.
    Ovary
    Ovary oblong-ovoid, ± 0.75 mm., with a firm scutellate apex.
    Style
    Style slender, 2–3 mm.
    Seeds
    Seed oblong-ellipsoid, 2 mm., brown, shining.
    Figures
    Fig. 26.
    Habitat
    Open grassland, roadside, Combretum savanna, open Brachystegia woodland; 750–1100 m.
    Distribution
    T4 U1 U2 W. tropical Africa from Mauritania S. to Nigeria, Cameroun, Burundi, Angola and Malawi, E. to Chad and Sudan

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Pandiaka angustifolia (Vahl) Hepper appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2009 Rwaburindore, P.K. [5355], Uganda K000614872
    Dec 18, 1992 Lykke, A.M. [482], Senegal K000211372
    Jan 1, 1971 Thonning [s.n.], Ghana K000211373 Unknown type material
    Koenig [s.n.], Ghana K000211375 Unknown type material
    Sharland, R.E. [1459], Nigeria K000211376
    Pasua [7632], Togo K000211374
    Apr 13, 1905 Vogel [s.n.] Pandiaka heudelotii K000243734 holotype
    Apr 13, 1905 Bartin [1724], Nigeria Pandiaka heudelotii K000243735
    Dalziel, J. M. [154], Nigeria Pandiaka heudelotii K000243737
    Irvine, F. R. [542], Ghana Pandiaka heudelotii K000243738

    First published in Kew Bull. 25: 189 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Kew Bulletin 25: 189 (1971).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0