Skip to main content
  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium bolivianum (Benth.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Peru to NW. Argentina.

    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9282-z

    Habit
    Much-branched aromatic undershrub with erect or ascending branches, 0.5 – 2 m high; young stems quadrangular, reddish-brown, subglabrous to scurfy puberulent apart from the pilose leaf nodes
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate or subsessile with a short persistent petiole-like base c. 0.5 mm long, imbricate; lamina 5 – 25 × 1.5 – 7 (–10) mm, lanceolate, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic or narrowly oblanceolate or obovate, obtuse to rounded or (rarely) acute at the apex, base cuneate, margin entire, undulate or dentate, slightly inrolled and often purplish, both surfaces subglabrous to shortly and densely puberulent, the lower surface paler and dotted with brown glands, the midrib prominent and often purplish
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of solitary axillary flowers; bracts 1 – 1.5 × 0.25 – 0.5 mm, linear or subulate, minutely glabrous, puberulent or ciliolate; pedicels 0 – 1 mm long, glabrous or puberulent; calyx 2.5 – 4 mm long, cylindrical, ribbed, gland-dotted, exterior puberulent, interior glabrous except the puberulent teeth, teeth 0.75 – 1 mm long, much shorter than the tube, triangular, acute, erect, very shortly ciliolate; corolla white, pubescent on the exterior, infundibuliform, the tube 6 – 8 mm long, c. 1 mm wide at base, widened to c. 2 mm at mouth, weakly 2-lipped and subequally 5-lobed, the lobes c. 1 – 1.5 × 1 – 1.5 mm, rounded; stamens didynamous, filaments glabrous, the shorter pair 0.75 – 1 mm long, the longer pair 2 – 3.5 mm long, anthers at mouth or exserted; style 8 – 9 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Nutlets c. 1 × 0.2 – 0.5 mm, trigonous, narrowly ovoid with an acuminate apex, pubescent.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Peru

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clinopodium bolivianum (Benth.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Micromeria boliviana.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Micromeria boliviana.]

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Schmidt-Lebuhn, A. N. (2008). A Revision of the Genus Minthostachys (Labiatae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 98: 1 – 75.Google Scholar
    • Hughes, C. E. & Eastwood, R. J. (2006). Island Radiation on a continental scale: exceptional rates of plant diversification after uplift of the Andes. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 103: 10334 – 10339.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Bell, C. D. & Donoghue, M. J. (2005). Phylogeny and biogeography of Valerianaceae (Dipsacales) with special reference to the South American valerians. Organ. Divers. Evol. 5: 147 – 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
    • Harley, R. M. & Granda Paucar, A. (2000). List of species of tropical American Clinopodium (Labiatae) with new combinations. Kew Bull. 55: 917 – 927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1). Continental Publishing, Deurne.Google Scholar
    • Xifreda, C. C. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: O. Zuloaga & O. Morrone (eds), Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la Republica Argentina II, Angiospermae (Dicotyledoneae). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 769 – 781.Google Scholar
    • Cantino, P. D. & Wagstaff, S. J. (1998). A Reexamination of North American Satureja s.l. (Lamiaceae) in light of molecular evidence. Brittonia 50: 63 – 70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Wagstaff, S. J., Olmstead, R. G. & Cantino, P. D. (1995). Parsimony analysis of cpDNA restriction site variation in subfamily Nepetoideae (Labiatae). Amer. J. Bot. 82: 886 – 892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Torrico, G., Peca, C., Beck, S. G. & García, E. (1994). Leñosas Utiles de Potosí. Potosí.Google Scholar
    • Pontiroli, A. (1993). Labiatae. In: A. L. Cabrera, Flora de la Provincia de Jujuy IX, Verbénaceas a Caliceraceas. INTA, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
    • Epling, C. & Játiva, C. (1964). Revisión del genero Satureja en América del Sur. Brittonia 16: 393 – 416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Epling, C. (1937). Synopsis of South American Labiatae. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 85: 97 – 192.Google Scholar
    • Epling, C. (1927). Studies in South American Labiatae III. Ann. Missori Bot. Gard. 14: 47 – 86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Fries, R. E. (1905). Zur Kenntnis der alpinen Flora in nördlichen Argentinien. Nov. Acta Regiae Soc. Sci Upsal. Ser. 4: 1 – 205.Google Scholar
    • Briquet, J. (1897). Labiatae. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien IV(3): 183 – 373. Wilhelm Englemann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
    • Briquet, J. (1896). Fragmenta Monographiae Labiatarum. Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 762 – 878.Google Scholar
    • Rusby, H. H. (1896). An enumeration of the plants collected in Bolivia by Miguel Bang [3]. Mem. Torrey. Bot. Club 6: 1 – 130.Google Scholar
    • (1891: 515).
    • Kuntze, C. E. O. (1891 – 1898). Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 515 (1891); 3: 259 (1898). A. Felix, Leipzig.Google Scholar
    • Hieronymus, G. H. E. W. (1882). Plantae diaphoricae florae argentiniae. Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Cordova 4: 182 – 598.Google Scholar
    • Grisebach, A. H. R. (1879). Symbolae ad Floram Argentiniam. Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24 (1): 1 – 345.Google Scholar
    • Grisebach, A. H. R. (1874). Plantae Lorentzianae. Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 49 – 279.Google Scholar
    • Leybold, F. (1873). Excursión a las Pampas Argentinas. Imprenta Nacional, Santiago.Google Scholar
    • Weddell, A. A. (1857). Chloris Andina. Vol. 2. P. Bertrand, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Bentham, G. (1832 – 5). Labiatarum Genera et Species. London, 1 – 60 (1832), 61 – 322 (1833), 323 – 645 (1834), 646 – 783 (1835).Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0