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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Clinopodium L.
      1. Clinopodium gilliesii (Benth.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Peru to N. Argentina.

    [KBu]

    Wood, J.R.I. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9282-z

    Habit
    Much-branched aromatic undershrub with stiff, erect branches 0.6 – 2 m high; young stems quadrangular, reddish-brown, shortly pubescent with large-celled hairs, somewhat denser at the leaf nodes, eventually glabrescent
    Leaves
    Leaves somewhat imbricate, subsessile or with petioles up to 1 mm long; lamina 3 – 12 × 1 – 3 mm, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, obtuse to rounded at the apex, base broadly cuneate, margin entire, both surfaces shortly pubescent with large-celled hairs, the lower surface paler and dotted with yellowish glands
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1 – 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle 0 – 0.5 mm long, sometimes absent; bracts at branching point, 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, subulate, pubescent; pedicels 0.5 – 1 mm long, pubescent; calyx c. 2 mm long, shortly tubular-campanulate, ribbed, on the exterior gland-dotted and pubescent with large-celled hairs, on the interior with a ring of hairs at the base of the calyx teeth; teeth 0.5 – 0.75 mm long, much shorter than the tube, triangular, acute, the tips spreading; corolla white, subequally 5-lobed, the tube 1 – 1.5 mm long, ± equalling the calyx tube; anthers subsessile, included; style c. 1.75 mm long, glabrous, included
    Fruits
    Nutlets c. 1.25 × 0.5 mm, trigonous, oblong-ovoid narrowed to an obtuse apex, glabrous.
    Distribution
    A relatively widespread species found from southern Peru through Bolivia south to central Argentina.
    Ecology
    It is a plant of open, rocky banks in puna vegetation between 3500 and 4500 m in northern Bolivia and Peru, but descending to 2940 m in the Tarija area and to as little as 1000 m further south in Argentina (Xifreda 1999: 779).
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC).
    Phenology
    Flowers after rain at any time during the summer rainy season, principally from December to March.
    Note
    This species is easily recognised by the stiff habit with short, erect branches and the small, entire, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, obtuse leaves, which are uniformly covered in short, large-celled, whitish hairs. The habit is well-illustrated by the photo in Torrico et al. (1994: 371), which shows the relatively large size of this species which can reach 2 m. The inflorescence is somewhat variable, the flowers sometimes solitary in the leaf axils and not apparently arranged in cymes but more usually the flowers are clearly in axillary cymes, although the peduncle may be extremely short.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile North, Peru

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Clinopodium gilliesii (Benth.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 4, 2001 Gillies, L. [s.n.], Argentina K000193620
    unknown [s.n.], Argentina K000193623
    unknown [787], Chile K000193630
    Bridges, Chile K000193628
    Gillies [402] K000193626 Unknown type material
    Gillies, J. [s.n.], Chile K000193631
    Gillies, L. [s.n.], Chile K000193627
    Lorenty, P.G. [722], Argentina K000193624
    [Gilliei, J] [s.n.], Argentina K000193622
    Pearce, Mr. R. [s.n.] K000193621
    [Bridge], Chile K000193629
    Leybold, F. [s.n.], Argentina K000193625 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 515 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Schmidt-Lebuhn, A. N. (2008). A Revision of the Genus Minthostachys (Labiatae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 98: 1 – 75.Google Scholar
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    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
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    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1). Continental Publishing, Deurne.Google Scholar
    • Xifreda, C. C. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: O. Zuloaga & O. Morrone (eds), Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de la Republica Argentina II, Angiospermae (Dicotyledoneae). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 769 – 781.Google Scholar
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    • Torrico, G., Peca, C., Beck, S. G. & García, E. (1994). Leñosas Utiles de Potosí. Potosí.Google Scholar
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    • Epling, C. & Játiva, C. (1964). Revisión del genero Satureja en América del Sur. Brittonia 16: 393 – 416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Epling, C. (1937). Synopsis of South American Labiatae. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 85: 97 – 192.Google Scholar
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    • Fries, R. E. (1905). Zur Kenntnis der alpinen Flora in nördlichen Argentinien. Nov. Acta Regiae Soc. Sci Upsal. Ser. 4: 1 – 205.Google Scholar
    • Briquet, J. (1897). Labiatae. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien IV(3): 183 – 373. Wilhelm Englemann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
    • Briquet, J. (1896). Fragmenta Monographiae Labiatarum. Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 762 – 878.Google Scholar
    • Rusby, H. H. (1896). An enumeration of the plants collected in Bolivia by Miguel Bang [3]. Mem. Torrey. Bot. Club 6: 1 – 130.Google Scholar
    • Kuntze 1891: 515.
    • Kuntze, C. E. O. (1891 – 1898). Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 515 (1891); 3: 259 (1898). A. Felix, Leipzig.Google Scholar
    • Hieronymus, G. H. E. W. (1882). Plantae diaphoricae florae argentiniae. Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Cordova 4: 182 – 598.Google Scholar
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    • Grisebach, A. H. R. (1874). Plantae Lorentzianae. Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 49 – 279.Google Scholar
    • Leybold, F. (1873). Excursión a las Pampas Argentinas. Imprenta Nacional, Santiago.Google Scholar
    • Weddell, A. A. (1857). Chloris Andina. Vol. 2. P. Bertrand, Paris.Google Scholar
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    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0