1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Pupalia Juss.
      1. Pupalia micrantha Hauman

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Botswana, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual herb c. 0.57–1.5 m. tall, bushy or straggling with many divaricate branches from the base upwards (small plants simple), stem and branches slender, terete, striate, thinly or in parts more densely furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, acuminate, those of the stem and main branches 5.5–15 × 2.9–5.4 cm. including the 0.5–1.8 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the superior surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath, subtruncate to cuneate at the base; leaves of upper part of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to c. 25 cm. long including the (to c.8 cm.) peduncle, solitary or paired in the leaf axils, up to 4–5 together at the ends of the stem and branches, simple or sometimes branched, axis thinly to densely pilose.
    Bracts
    Bracts lanceolate-ovate, 1–1.5 mm. long, membranous-margined, persistent, more or less thinly pilose, each subtending a single triad of one fertile and two modified bracteolate flowers.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles broadly deltoid-ovate, c. 2 mm. long, abruptly shortly acuminate with a short, sharp mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately pilose.
    Tepal
    Tepals 2.75–3.5 mm. long, oblong-ovate, broadly white-margined, 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short, sharp mucro; outer 2 tepals slightly longer and broader, lanate chiefly about the base, the inner 3 lanate over most of the dorsal surface.
    Style
    Style short, c. 0.5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing c. 5–8 hooked setae to c. 2 mm. long, not forming a dense “burr” or concealing the fertile flower.
    Sterile
    Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing c. 5–8 hooked setae to c. 2 mm. long, not forming a dense “burr” or concealing the fertile flower.
    Fruits
    Fruit an ovoid, somewhat compressed capsule c. 1.75–2 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base; seed c. 1.5–1.75 mm. in diam., circular, somewhat compressed, black, almost smooth, shining.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual herb ± 0.5–1.5 m. tall, bushy or straggling with many divaricate branches from the base upwards (small plants simple); stem and branches slender, terete, striate, thinly or in parts more densely furnished with whitish multicellular hairs, the older basal internodes finally glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, acuminate, those of the stem and main branches 5.5–15 × 2 .9–5.4 cm. including the 0.5–1.8 cm. petiole, dark green and thinly rather long-pilose on the upper surface, paler and more densely and shortly pubescent beneath, subtruncate to cuneate at the base; leaves of upper part of stem and branches rapidly reducing in size.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences considerably elongating as the flowers open and finally up to ± 25 cm. long including the (to ± 8 cm.) peduncle, solitary or paired in the leaf-axils, up to 4–5 together at the ends of the stem and branches, simple or sometimes branched, axis thinly to densely pilose.
    Bracts
    Bracts lanceolate-ovate, 1–1.5 mm., membranous-margined, persistent, ± thinly pilose, each subtending a single triad of 1 fertile and 2 modified bracteolate flowers.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles broadly deltoid-ovate, ± 2 mm., abruptly shortly acuminate with a short sharp mucro formed by the excurrent midrib, broadly membranous-margined below, moderately pilose.
    Tepal
    Tepals oblong-ovate, 2.75–3.5 mm., broadly white-margined, 3-nerved in the green centre with the nerves confluent above to form a short sharp mucro; outer 2 tepals slightly longer and broader, lanate chiefly about the base, the inner 3 lanate over most of the dorsal surface.
    Style
    Style short, ± 0.5 mm.
    Flowers
    Sterile flowers of 3 branches each bearing ± 5–8 hooked setae to ± 2 mm. long, not forming a dense burr nor concealing the fertile flower.
    Fruits
    Fruit an ovoid, somewhat compressed capsule ± 1.75–2 mm. long, rupturing irregularly at the thin-walled base.
    Seeds
    Seed round, somewhat compressed, ± 1.5–1.75 mm., black, almost smooth, shining.
    Figures
    Fig. 16/8, 9.
    Habitat
    Open deciduous woodland, near streams or in seasonal swamps; 760–970 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Philippines, Taiwan

    Pupalia micrantha Hauman appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 24, 1977 Faulkner, H. [K 14], Mozambique K000243660
    Aug 23, 1977 Romola D. Bax [41], Tanzania K000243653 syntype
    Aug 23, 1977 Romola D. Bax [41], Tanzania K000243654
    Aug 23, 1977 Pielou, D.P. [138], Tanzania K000243655

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 18: 109 (1946)

    Accepted by

    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Townsend in Kew Bulletin 34: 133 (1979).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 61 (1951).
    • Hauman in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 18: 109 (1946)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0