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This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Europe to Central Siberia and Mongolia.
Dactylorhiza maculata

[O-EM]
Distribution

Much of Europe, but absent from most of the southeast.

Habitat

Moorland, grassland and damp woods; mainly on acid soils.

General Description

Stem with 5-12 distant leaves. Leaves with or without dark spots; lower linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong, acute to obtuse. Bracts mostly shorter than the flowers. Outer perianth-segments 7-11 mm. Middle lobe of labellum shorter than to as long as (rarely longer than) and much narrower than the lateral lobes. Spur 3-11 mm, cylindrical, shorter than to as long as ovary.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Ontario

Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Verdcourt, B. [4667B], France 32386.000
Wood, J.J. [564], France 36010.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2349], Austria 363.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [2373], Austria 364.000
Sandeman, C. [1], France 365.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [3822], France 366.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [3841], France 367.000
Hepper, F.N. [A.B.C.], France 368.000
Hepper, F.N. [D.E.F.], France 369.000
Hepper, F.N. [9], France 370.000
Sandwith, N.Y. [5192], Spain 371.000
Wood, J.J. [536], France 44346.000
Collins, P.B. [82/004], Norway 44496.000
Wood, J.J. [560], France 45819.000
Wood, J.J. [527], France 45885.000
Wood, J.J. [537], France 45922.000
Wood, J.J. [530], France 45925.000
Joseph, J. [350], Spain 48822.000
Watson, J.M. [56], Italy 506.000
Sweden 50600.000
Fay [655a] 70549.000
Fay [659] 70395.000
Shipunov [79-1], USSR 71042.000
Shipunov [80-1], USSR 71048.000
Bateman [s.n.], United Kingdom 71069.000
Shipunov [75-1], USSR 71105.000
Chase [16918] 71699.000
Chase [16914] 71704.000
Chase [16849 a.b.c.] 71707.000
Chase [16913] 71714.000
Chase [16909] 71718.000
Chase [16917] 71723.000
Chase [16916] 71724.000
Chase [16915] 71725.000
Chase [16911] 71726.000
Chase [16912] 71728.000
Chase [16910] 71730.000
Shipunov [39-1] 71759.000
Shipunov [37-1] 71761.000
Shipunov [40-1] 71762.000
Shipunov [36-1] 71764.000
Shipunov [33-1] 71767.000
Shipunov [30-1] 71770.000
Shipunov [23-1] 71772.000
Shipunov 71775.000
Shipunov 71778.000
Shipunov 71787.000
Shipunov 71789.000
Shipunov 71793.000
Bateman [782] 72046.000
Chase [19426], Austria 73024.000
s.coll. [s.n.], Switzerland K000364178
76455.000
Edgar, G.H. [1002], Great Britain K000718732
Civeyrel et al [567], France 78333.000
E.G. [4013], France K000718390
Lang, A.F. [s.n.] K000364177

First published in Nom. Nov. Gen. Dactylorhiza: 7 (1962)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.
  • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Gorchakovskii, P.L. & al. (1994). Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Petrova, A.S., Vladimirov, V. & Stoyanov, Y. (2009). Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica (Orchidaceae): new for the Bulgarian flora Phytologia Balcanica 15: 389-392.
  • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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