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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disperis Sw.
      1. Disperis anthoceros Rchb.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb 6–30 cm tall; tubers 1–1.5 × 1 cm, ovoid or globose, woolly.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2, opposite, almost sessile, mid to dark green, sometimes tinged with purple below, 2.5–5.5 × 2.5–3.7 cm, ovate, acute, sheathing at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–3(7)-flowered; flowers white with green or purplish marks, the hood green-veined inside.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Ovary and pedicel 13–17 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts 9–17 mm long, leaf-like.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal joined to petals to form a slender spur 12–20 mm long; lateral sepals 7–10 × 3–5 mm, obliquely obovate, joined for about half their length, each with a conical, sac-like spur 1–1.5 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals falcate, auriculate at the base.
    Labellum
    Lip not reaching the spur apex, doubling back for 1–1.5 mm; the appendage consisting of 2 fimbriate lobes c. 1.5 mm long; lip claw 8–15 mm long.
    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial herb 2-11 in. high
    Flowers
    Flowers 1-4, in a short raceme, white or pale pink with lilac or pale purple markings.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Disperis anthoceros Rchb.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zimbabwe 30994.000
    Zambia 33960.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2852], Kenya 25493.000
    Wild, H. [2816], Zimbabwe 9425.000
    Ash [573], Ethiopia 36646.000
    Carroll, E.W., Kenya 25170.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [5949], Uganda 18558.000
    Richards, H.M. [11123], Tanzania 24995.000
    Germain, R. [4060], Congo, DRC 21078.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [8264], Zambia 24033.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [2995], Zambia 24992.000
    Williamson, G. [285], Zambia 30394.000
    Beasley, A.J. [70.GH.83960], Zimbabwe 29528.000
    Wiltshire, F.N. [7], Kenya 25166.000
    Cribb, P. [10747], Tanzania 35742.000
    King, D.E. [187], Nigeria 26418.000
    Schimper [1295], Ethiopia K000306673 Unknown type material
    Schimper [1295], Ethiopia K000306674 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 103 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Kurzweil, H. & Manning, J.C. (2005). A synopsis of the genus Disperis Sw. (Orchidaceae) Adansonia, III, 27: 155-207.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 7: 292.
    • Otia Bot. Hamburg. 103 (1881)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0