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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disperis Sw.
      1. Disperis dicerochila Summerh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.


    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Terrestrial herb 7–24 cm tall; stem purplish; tubers 1–3 cm long, ellipsoid or globose, densely hairy.
    Leaves 2, opposite, 1.5–5.5 × 1–3.5 cm, ovate, acute, usually cordate at base, dark green, sometimes purplish beneath.
    Inflorescence 1–3-flowered; flowers pale to deep mauve-pink, occasionally almost white, with purple marks inside hood.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Ovary and pedicel c. 12 mm long.
    Bracts leaf-like, of similar length.
    Dorsal sepal 7–11 mm long, linear-lanceolate, joined to petals to form an open hood. Lateral sepals ± free, 7–10 × 4–8 mm, obliquely ovate, acute, each with a sac-like spur 1.5–2 mm long.
    Petals 7–10 × 3.5–4 mm, lobed on free margin.
    Lip 7–9 mm long; claw linear; limb short, reflexed at the apex with 2 appendages at the point of reflexion; appendages 2-lobed, the upper lobe long with a papillate apex, the lower lobe short and recurved.

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Glabrous herb, 6–26 cm. tall, arising from a densely hairy ellipsoid or almost round tuber 1–3 cm. long, 0.6–1.2 cm. wide.
    Leaves 2, opposite, sheathing at the base, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1.5–5 cm. long, 1–3.4 cm. wide, acute or shortly acuminate, rounded or almost cordate above the sheath, often purplish beneath.
    Racemes 1–3-flowered; flowers white often tinged rose or purple or entirely magenta; bracts leaf-like, lanceolate, 0.7–2.6 cm. long, 0.3–1.1 cm. wide, acuminate.
    Intermediate sepal narrowly linear-lanceolate, 0.7–1.1 cm. long, joined to the petals to form an open boat-shaped hood; lateral sepals rhomboid-ovate, 0.7–1 cm. long, 4–7.5 mm. wide, acute, practically free, bearing obtuse sacs 1.5–2 mm. long.
    Petals B-shaped or elliptic, slightly curved, 0.7–1 cm. long, 3.5–4 mm. wide, obtuse.
    Lip 7–9 mm. long, with long claw bearing a short reflexed limb at apex together with 2 appendages each with the upper lobule elongate and narrowed to a papillate apex and the lower lobule shorter, recurved and usually auriculate.
    Fig. 40, p. 224.
    On leaf-litter, mossy branches, rocks etc. in upland rain-forest; sometimes persisting in Cupressus plantations; 1650–2600 m.
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T7 T8 U2 U3



    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Disperis dicerochila Summerh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holmes, W.D. [0239], Malawi 21080.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8906], Tanzania 18545.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2691], Kenya 31157.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [6353], Kenya 21081.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [1382], Uganda K000306669 Unknown type material
    Polhill, R. [1530B], Tanzania 24912.000
    Polhill, R. [1785], Tanzania 26919.000
    Williamson, G. [277], Zambia 33915.000
    Lucas, G.Ll. [225], Kenya 31123.000
    Cribb, P. [10587], Tanzania 35744.000
    Cribb, P. [10746], Tanzania 35748.000
    Leedal [627], Tanzania 36255.000
    Bridson, D. [419], Rwanda 41489.000
    Congdon, T.C.E. [152], Tanzania 52296.000
    Sellow, Kenya 9427.000


    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 33: t. 3272 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Kurzweil, H. & Manning, J.C. (2005). A synopsis of the genus Disperis Sw. (Orchidaceae) Adansonia, III, 27: 155-207.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Summerh. in Hook., Ic. Pl. 33, t. 3272 (1935).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.