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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disperis Sw.
      1. Disperis leuconeura Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to Zimbabwe.


    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Rostellum arms c. 2.5 mm long, curved, thin.
    Slender terrestrial herb 4–16 cm tall; tubers c. 1 × 1 cm, ± globose, hairy.
    Leaves 2, opposite, sheathing at the base, 2–3.5 × 1.4–1.8 cm, ovate, upper surface dark green with silvery-pink veins, lower surface maroon-red.
    Inflorescence 1–3-flowered; flowers mauve-pink or purple-pink.
    Ovary purplish, 9–14 mm long.
    Bracts leaf-like, 6–7 × 4 mm.
    Dorsal sepal c. 6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, joined with petals to form an open hood c. 5 mm tall, 6 mm wide across the mouth. Lateral sepals free, spreading, 4–5 × 2–4 mm, obliquely ovate, apiculate, the apex sometimes curved, each with small sac 1–1.5 mm long.
    Petals 5.5 mm long, the free margin undulate.
    Lip 4 mm long; claw bent back near base, appendage papillose with 2 upward-curved lobes; limb linear, glabrous.

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Glabrous herb, 4.5–15 cm. tall, arising from a globose hairy tuber ± 1 cm. in diameter.
    Leaves 2, opposite or subopposite, sheathing at the base, sessile, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 0.6–2.5 cm. long, 0.3–1.2 cm. wide, acute at the apex, rounded or subtruncate at the base above the sheath, the main venation, particularly the midrib, white in both living and dry states.
    Racemes 1–2-flowered; flowers rose; bracts leaf-like, ± 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, acute.
    Intermediate sepal linear-lanceolate, 6 mm. long, joined to the petals to form an open boat-shaped hood; lateral sepals apparently not joined, obliquely falcate, ± 4 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, bearing sacs ± 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Petals elliptic, 5.5 mm. long, the free margin wavy.
    Lip 4 mm. long, with claw bent back over itself near base and bearing a papillate appendage with 2 curved lobes like the head of a buffalo (appearing rounded in immature flowers); claw terminating in a glabrous linear limb.
    Rostellum-arms very long, curved and thin, ± 2.5 mm. long.
    Fig. 39/5, p. 220.
    Leaf-mould in evergreen-forest; 900 m.


    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Disperis leuconeura Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zimbabwe 29533.000
    McLaughlin [106], Malawi 31333.000


    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 549 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Kurzweil, H. & Manning, J.C. (2005). A synopsis of the genus Disperis Sw. (Orchidaceae) Adansonia, III, 27: 155-207.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Schltr. in F. Fedde, Repertorium Speciorum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis Beih. 68, t. 44/173 (1932).
    • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 549 (1915)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.