1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Ammocharis Herb.
      1. Ammocharis tinneana (Kotschy & Peyr.) Milne-Redh. & Schweick.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb up to 18 cm wide, with an obvious neck up to 10 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1.8–5 cm broad.
    Scape
    Scapes 4–22 cm long; spathe valves 3.5–5 × 1.8–2.5 cm.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–22, pink, sweetly scented; pedicels (0.4)1–2.5(5) cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube 5.6–10.5 cm long; segments purplish, prominently nerved, each folded around a filament at the base, 34–76 × 2–6 mm, spreading gradually from the base and spirally curved towards the apex.
    Filaments
    Filaments pink, spreading slightly, 3.8–8 cm long; anthers yellow, 4–9 mm long, curved.
    Fruits
    Fruits reddish and subglobose up to 2.5 cm wide.
    Distribution
    Widespread, from Namibia north to Ethiopia and Somalia.
    Ecology
    In grassland or wooded grassland, mainly on sandy soil, often in areas with low precipitation; 300–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb up to 12 cm. in diameter, with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves biflabellately spreading, 0.5–6 cm. broad, length varying with age, appearing before or after the flowers.
    Scape
    Scapes 1–3, 3–25 cm. long, 4–30-flowered.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2–4.5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, fading to magenta with age, sweetly scented; tube 6–13 cm. long; segments 4–8–13) cm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, gradually spreading from the base and spirally recurved towards the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens slightly spreading, pink, 4–8 cm. long; anthers 4–9 mm., curved; stamens and style exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit reddish, subglobose, 2–2.5 cm. in diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Grassland or wooded grassland, on red sandy soil or black clays, often in areas with low precipitation; 350–1850 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ammocharis tinneana (Kotschy & Peyr.) Milne-Redh. & Schweick. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1937 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8175], Uganda K000365404 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1937 Schweinfurth, G. [1787], Sudan K000365406 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1937 Schweinfurth, G. [1787], Sudan K000365408 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1937 Schweinfurth, G. [1787], Sudan K000365407 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1937 Lugard, E.J. [40], Botswana K000365396 Unknown type material
    Feb 1, 1937 Baines, T. [s.n.], Botswana K000365395 Unknown type material
    Verdcourt, B. [450], Kenya 17323.000
    Ash, Ethiopia 35888.000
    Jex-Blake, L.M. 19059.000
    Gloves, P. [2646], Kenya 34193.000
    Last [s.n.] K000365403 Unknown type material
    James [s.n.], Somalia K000365405 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 177 (1939)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
    • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Nordal in F.T.E.A, Amaryllidaceae: 19 (1982).
    • in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 177 (1939).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
    • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 712, fig. (1974).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 210 (1962).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 123 (1948).
    • Milne-Redh. & Schweick. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 52: 177 (1939).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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