1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Epipactis Zinn
      1. Epipactis africana Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to N. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb 1–2.5 m tall; stem purplish, leafy throughout its length.
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green, 16–21 × 3.5–10 cm, lanceolate to ovate, plicate, acuminate, clasping the stem at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an elongated few- to many-flowered raceme; rhachis, bracts, ovary and pedicel with a rusty pubescence; pedicel 1.8–3 cm long; ovary 1.3–2 cm long; bracts 4–5.5 cm long, leaf-like.
    Flowers
    Flowers pendent, yellow-green with purple veining on the sepals; lip maroon-brown to brick red.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal 20–27 × 4.5–7 mm, lanceolate, acuminate; lateral sepals 20–27 × 7–9 mm, obliquely ovate, acuminate.
    Corolla
    Petals 16–24 × 2.5–6 mm, lanceolate, acuminate.
    Labellum
    Lip 16–20 mm long, 3-lobed near the base; side lobes 9 × 2 mm, oblanceolate, subacute, parallel to hypochile; hypochile channelled, 7–10 mm long, 3 mm wide; epichile 9–10 × 4.5 mm, ovate, acute, with a fleshy area at the tip, bent upwards almost at a right angle.
    Column
    Column 5–9 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsules purplish, 40 × 13 mm, narrowly oblong, 6-ribbed, pendulous, with the remains of the flowers at the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    An erect terrestrial herb up to 3.5 m. tall, ferruginous-pubescent in most parts.
    Stem
    Stem up to 1 cm. broad at base, 2 cm. broad in middle, purple-green below, deep blue-green above.
    Leaves
    Leaves recurved, evenly spaced along stem at 5–10 cm. intervals, lanceolate to ovate, subobtuse, strongly veined, ± amplexicaul at base, up to 20 cm. long, 9 cm. broad; lowermost reduced to sheaths; uppermost bract-like.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence elongate, few–several-flowered; bracts 2–11 cm. long, up to 2 cm. broad.
    Flowers
    Flowers rather inconspicuous, subcampanulate; sepals greyish purple on outer surface, greenish yellow within, pubescent; petals greenish yellow, purplish tinged on veins and margins; lip yellowish brown; pedicel up to 2 cm. long when ovary matures.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal concave, lanceolate, somewhat acuminate, 3-nerved, 2 cm. long, 0.7 cm. broad; lateral sepals oblique, concave at base, broadly ovate, acuminate, up to 2.4 cm. long, 0.8 cm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals glabrous, lanceolate to ovate, acuminate, subfalcate, up to 2.5 cm. long, 0.6 cm. broad, with a warty keeled mid-vein on outer surface.
    Labellum
    Lip up to 2.5 cm. long; hypochile narrowly oblong, concave, 1.2 cm. long, 0.3 cm. broad, warty within; side lobes attached at base, as long as hypochile, linear-oblong, membranous; epichile broadly ovate, acute, 1.3 cm. long, margins forming a suberect callus on either side of midpoint; callus globular, central on epichile, extended to base in a series of warts.
    Figures
    Fig. 43/1–11, p. 242.
    Habitat
    Among Pteridium, Erica or coarse grass patches by rivers and in montane evergreen and bamboo forests; 2350–3750 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 T2 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 Zaire to Ethiopia and Malawi

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Epipactis africana Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 19, 2008 Timberlake, J. et al. [5861], Mozambique K000718690
    Kenya 33242.000
    Verdcourt, B. [3022], Kenya 30888.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1091], Kenya 18566.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14947], Ethiopia 21108.000
    Copley, H. [110], Kenya 19427.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [724], Kenya 18565.000
    Richards, H.M. [6505], Tanzania 21107.000
    Germain, R. [1095], Congo, DRC 21109.000
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [8005], Uganda K000306722
    Adamson, J., Cameroon 30133.000
    de Leyser, E.A. [157], Tanzania 52342.000

    First published in J. Bot. 33: 252 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-151.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-151.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Williamson, Orch. SC. Afr.: 107, fig. 55 (1977).
    • Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 756, fig. (1974).
    • Piers, Orch. E. Afr., ed. 2: 80 (1968).
    • Tweedie in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 29 (1964).
    • Robyns & Tournay, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert. 3: 455, fig. 64 (1955).
    • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 189 (1897).
    • Rendle in Journal of Botany 33: 252 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0