1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Epipactis Zinn
      1. Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Europe to China.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    United Kingdom 10076.000
    United Kingdom 19426.000
    Sweden 50599.000
    Sweden 50601.000
    Sweden 50602.000
    United Kingdom 52873.000
    United Kingdom 6049.143
    United Kingdom 71642.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1577], United Kingdom 21113.000
    Milne-Redhead, E., United Kingdom 28415.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [1575], United Kingdom 9516.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2302], Austria 9520.000
    Milne-Redhead, E., United Kingdom 9523.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4636], France 31857.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4716], France 32574.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1629], United Kingdom 10070.000
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1611], United Kingdom 20949.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [5225], Spain 10072.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [4484], Spain 20948.000
    Sandwith, N.Y. [6230], Spain 24834.000
    Atkinson, R. [1621], United Kingdom 10069.000
    Thomas, C., United Kingdom 10071.000
    Tyrer, P.J., Ireland 10073.000
    Tyner, P.J., United Kingdom 10074.000
    Ryan, P.J., Ireland 10075.000
    Stratton, B.M., United Kingdom 10077.000
    Sayers, D. [10/40/18], Austria 10088.000
    Sayers, D. [04/40/18], Austria 18561.000
    Burtt, B.L., United Kingdom 20950.000
    Ross-Craig, S. [555], United Kingdom 19428.000
    Ross-Craig, S. [921], Ireland 9521.000
    Ross-Craig, S. [933], Ireland 9522.000
    Sealy, J.R. [1068], United Kingdom 9524.000
    Sprague, T.A., United Kingdom 9515.000
    Maude, A.H., United Kingdom 9517.000
    Maude, A.H., United Kingdom 9518.000
    Greenwood, M., United Kingdom 18562.000
    Shove, W.R., United Kingdom 19429.000
    Maycock, R., United Kingdom 20713.000
    Cribb, P., China 56694.000
    Adams, L.G. [273], United Kingdom 28247.000
    Verdcourt, B. [4826], France 33602.000
    Barneby, T.P., France 32101.000
    Pike, C.J.H., United Kingdom 32919.000
    Collins, P.B. [74/0035d], Denmark 41286.000
    Collins, P.B. [74/0035c], Denmark 41287.000
    Collins, P.B. [74/0035a], Denmark 41288.000
    Collins, P.B. [74/0036], Denmark 41290.000
    McLeish, I. [51], United Kingdom 62368.000
    Clements, M.A. [2769], Greece 48198.000
    Miller, K.B.N., United Kingdom 9519.000
    Chase, M.W. [83164], USA 75242.000
    MFF [MFF 413] 70406.000

    First published in Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 467 (1769)

    Accepted by

    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
    • Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
    • G.I.R.O.S. (2009). Orchidee d'Italia: 1-303. Il Castello srl, Italy.
    • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
    • Taran, G.S., Silantieva, M.M. & Shibanova, A.A. (2007). Floristic records in floodplains of the Ob riber and its tributaries (Altai territory) Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 92: 1763-1768.
    • Efimov, P. (2007). Genus Epipactis Zinn. (Orchidaceae) in the Russia Turczaninowia 7(3): 8-42.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Chilton, L. (2010). Plant list for Lesvos, slightly revised 1998-2009: 1-36. Marengo, Hunstanton, England.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0