1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Epipogium Borkh.
      1. Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to SW. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Tuberous rhizome horizontal, ovoid, composed of many internodes, up to 5 cm. long and 3.5 cm. broad.
    Stem
    Flowering scape to 60 cm., hollow, fleshy, brownish at base, almost white towards apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 20 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts ovate, up to 1.5 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy white to dull dirty pink, with small dark purple or dull crimson spots.
    Tepal
    Tepals not spreading.
    Calyx
    Sepals lanceolate, acute, ± 1 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals similar but slightly shorter than sepals.
    Labellum
    Lip ± as long as tepals, broadly ovate, sides raised at base, margins ± irregular, with pair of minutely warted crests reaching from base to near apex.
    Spur
    Spur broad, 4 mm. long, pointing backwards below the ovary.
    Column
    Column very short; anther larger than column; stigma at base of column; ovary conspicuous.
    Seeds
    Embryo of seeds with 8 cells only.
    Figures
    Fig. 42.
    Habitat
    Forest floor; 1300–2200 m.
    Distribution
    K3 U2 Indo-Malayasia to Australia and Vanuatu
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Leafless, saprophytic herb; tuberous rhizome up to 5 × 3.5 cm, ovoid, horizontal, villous, spongy.
    Stem
    Stem 18–60 cm tall, hollow, pinkish-white with red streaks, with c. 6 bract-like cataphylls.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 12–20 cm long, laxly several- to many-flowered.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Pedicel 7 mm long, ovary 4 mm long at anthesis, soon enlarging.
    Bracts
    Bracts 12–15 mm long, ovate.
    Flowers
    Flowers drooping, not opening wide, off-white to dull pink, with purple or dull red spots.
    Perianth
    Sepals and petals 9–12 × c. 2 mm, lanceolate, acute.
    Labellum
    Lip c. 10 × 5 mm, ovate, with 2 verrucose crests running along its length; spur blunt, 3–4 × 1–1.5 mm.
    Column
    Column shorter than anther; stigma at base of column.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Borneo, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

    Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [1560], Cameroon K000106002
    Mar 1, 1996 Williams, S. [180], Cameroon 72136.000
    Mar 1, 1996 Williams, S. [180], Cameroon K000106184
    Jun 1, 1976 Kerr, A.F.G. [400], Thailand K000595874
    Mar 10, 1975 Kerr, A.F.G. [400], Thailand K000595873
    India 38248.000
    Borneo 51284.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [37388], Cameroon 21437.000
    Cruttwell, N.E.G. [1181], Papua New Guinea 28965.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [8205], Nigeria 24065.000
    Purseglove, J.W. [3592], Uganda 18584.000
    Kerr, A.F.G. [0984], Laos K000595869
    Kerr, A.F.G. [0984], Laos K000595870
    Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Laos K000595871
    Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Laos K000595872
    Kerr, A.F.G. [244], Thailand K000595875
    la Croix, I. [74], Malawi 42348.000
    Cribb, P.J. [s.n.], Indonesia 54304.000
    Jermy, A.C. [3880], New Guinea 37450.000
    Cumberlege [774A], Thailand 26185.000
    Mann, G. [784] 24066.000
    Mann, G. [784], Cameroon K000306659
    Harris, D.J. [s.n.], Cameroon 57286.000
    Bregulla, H.L., Vanuatu 37396.000
    Wheatley, J.I. [701], Vanuatu 55031.000
    Lewis, B. [92], Vanuatu 54896.000
    Cable, S. [1545], Cameroon 63856.000
    Etuge, M. [1560], Cameroon 61685.000
    Groves, M. [137], Cameroon 63844.000
    J.M.G. [JMG 9260], Tanzania 64130.000
    Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000942697
    Inayat, K. [25386], India K000942695
    Inayat, K. [25386], India K000942696
    Tanaka, S. [s.n.], Japan K000942698

    First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 177 (1857)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (2016). Flora of Japan IVb: 1-335. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Hsu, T.C. & al. (2016). New records and name changes for the orchids in the Solomon islands Taiwania 61: 21-26.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ. & al. (2014). Flora of Thailand 12(2): 303-670. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Vij, S.P., Verma, J. & Kumar, C.S. (2013). Orchids of Himachal Pradesh: 1-275. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Tanaka, N., Yukawa, T., Myo Htwe, K, Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2011). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (7): Fourteen additional species of Orchidaceae Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 161-165.
    • Averyanov, L.V. (2011). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey. Part 3. Subfamily Epidendroideae (primitive tribes - Neottieae, Vanilleae, Gastrodieae, Nervilieae) Turczaninowia 14(2): 15-100.
    • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Sittisujjatham, S. (2006). Wild Orchid of Thailand 1: 1-495. Amarin.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 1: 177 (1857).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Tanaka, N., Yukawa, T., Myo Htwe, K, Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2011). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (7): Fourteen additional species of Orchidaceae Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 161-165.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 755, fig. (1974).
    • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 207 (1968).
    • Tweedie in Journ. E.Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 35 (1964).
    • Piers, Orch. E. Afr.: 140 (1959).
    • Robyns & Tournay, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert. 3: 458 (1955).
    • Lindl. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 1: 177 (1857).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0