1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum buphanoides Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb large, 10–15 cm wide with a neck up to 11 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves light green, distichous, sheathing at base forming a false stem up to 30 cm long, broadest leaves 6.5–14 cm broad, each successive leaf above narrower, uppermost leaves about 1 cm broad, margin ciliate, most leaves necrotic apically.
    Scape
    Scape stout, 35–45 cm long, compressed.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves ± 10 cm long, reflexed.
    Inflorescences
    Umbel 13–40 flowered.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1.5–4.5 cm.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube slender, 7–12 cm long; segments white to pink, usually with a deep red keel, narrow and recurved, ± 6–7 × 1 cm long, lower portion with infolded margins covering basal portion of filaments.
    Stamens
    Stamens arcuate, erect; filaments reddish in upper portion; anthers yellow, 0.5–0.8 cm long.
    Style
    Style deep red in upper part.
    Fruits
    Fruits distinctly beaked.
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth, with a greyish water-repellent outer layer, floating in water.
    Distribution
    Widespread in southern Africa.
    Ecology
    Frequently on river banks or beds of temporary streams; 800–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Fairly widespread; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Crinum buphanoides Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [4041], Angola K000365444 Unknown type material
    K000365427 Unknown type material
    K000365428 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Bot. 16: 195 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Sölch & Roessler in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afr., fam.150: 6 (1969).
    • ―Verdoorn in Fl. Pl. S. Afr. 23: t.887 (1943).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 398 (1898).
    • Handb. Amaryll.: 80 (1888);
    • in J. Bot. 16: 195 (1878);
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0