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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum crassicaule Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb to 15–20 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves dull blue-green, ciliate, spreading on ground, lacking a midrib or keel, up to 83 × 4.8–16 cm, most leaves necrotic apically, emitting a repellent odour when crushed.
    Scape
    Scape 1–2, suberect, lateral, 9–30 cm long.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves greenish yellow, drooping at anthesis, purplish streaked, 5.5–9 × 1.7 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–10 flowered; pedicels 0.2–1.5 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube 10–11 cm long; segments acuminate, connivent into a bell 8.5–11 cm long, outer c.2 cm broad, inner 2.5 cm broad, apex whitish or reddish in colour, apical third recurved.
    Filaments
    Filaments whitish or tinged red towards apex, declinate, 6–7 cm long; anthers yellow, curved, up to 1.5 cm long.
    Style
    Style red in the upper portion.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, beaked.
    Seeds
    Seeds papillose, greenish, turning black when exposed to air, emitting a repellent odour, sinking immediately in water.
    Distribution
    Widespread in southern Africa.
    Ecology
    Disturbed areas on sandy soils; 800–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Crinum crassicaule Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lugard [45], Botswana K000365439
    Baines [s.n.], Botswana K000365438 Unknown type material
    Louw, W.F. [3460], South Africa Crinum foetidum K000365420 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Handb. Amaryll.: 85 (1888)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • ―Lehmiller in Herbertia 52: 54 (1997).
    • Handb. Amaryllid.: 85 (1888).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/