1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum kirkii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulbs 15–20 cm. in diameter, often with a considerable neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves flaccid, lorate, up to 120 cm. long, 4–13 cm. broad, keeled with a distinct midrib, crispate and scabrous or serrulate on the margin, normally without an intact apex; white woolly fibres appearing when a leaf is torn.
    Scape
    Scape 30–50 cm. long, contemporary with the leaves.
    Bracts
    Spathe-valves red-brown, robust, thick, often spongy inside, persistent and erect, enveloping the perianth-tubes at anthesis.
    Flowers
    Flowers (3–) 8–20 (–24), sweetly scented, subsessile.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube greenish, 9–15 cm. long, curved only in the upper part above the erect involucre; segments green in bud, but during anthesis pure white with a broad sharply bordered purple dorsal streak, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, acuminate, 9–14 cm. long, 2–3.5 cm. broad, outer and inner ones subequal in width, all connivent to a zygomorphic funnel, more open at night.
    Stamens
    Filaments white, declinate; anthers dark grey or black, rarely brown, curved, ± 1 cm. long.
    Style
    Style white, often tinged red distally.
    Fruits
    Fruits crimson to rose, globose, without a beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Grassland and Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 0–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 Z not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Crinum kirkii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie, J.R. 45597.000

    First published in Bot. Mag. 106: t. 6512 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 215 (1949).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 402 (1898).
    • Harms in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 145 (1895).
    • Bak. in Bot. Mag. 106, t. 6312 (1880).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0