Skip to main content
  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum minimum Milne-Redh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb 3–5 cm. in diameter, with a distinct neck up to 5 cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves few, erect or flaccid in a rosette, linear with apices not intact, ± 7–25 cm. long and 3–4 mm. broad, involute, margin smooth.
    Scape
    Scape 4–10 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Spathe-valves tinged with pink, papery, erect, 3–7 cm. long, up to 1 cm. broad.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, sessile.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube 10–14 cm. long, curved; segments white to pink, with a rose dorsal streak outside, narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 9–12 cm. long, ± 1 cm. broad, the inner slightly broader than the outer, all connivent into a zygomorphic funnel, with the 3 upper segments more recurved than the lower.
    Stamens
    Filaments white or pink flushed, declinate,± 8 cm. long; anthers yellow to light brown, ± 0.8 cm.
    Style
    Style rose, declinate.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, ± 2 cm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth.
    Habitat
    Extremely stony soil; 1300 m.
    Distribution
    T1
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb up to 8 cm wide, with a distinct neck up to 8 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves thin, linear, erect, in rosettes, 10–32 × 0.2–0.4(0.8) cm, with glabrous margins.
    Scape
    Scape above ground in flower, slender, 5–10(19) cm long.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves with pinkish tinge, reflexed, papery, 5–9 × 1 cm.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1 (rarely 2), sessile.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube pinkish, curved, 8.5–15 cm long; segments acuminate, widely reflexed at anthesis, almost resembling star-shaped Crinum, white with a pink dorsal streak, 8–11(13) × 1.2–2(2.5) cm.
    Filaments
    Filaments white or pinkish, declinate, 5–8 mm long, slightly pinkish apically; anthers pinkish before anthesis, later whitish to yellowish, up to 2 cm long.
    Style
    Style deep rose.
    Fruits
    Fruits not beaked, subglobose, 1.5–2(3) cm in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds fluffy to finely papillose, light yellowish to greenish, turning blackish when exposed to air, sinking immediately in water.
    Distribution
    Also in Congo andTanzania.
    Ecology
    In deep sand or stony soils; 1000–1400 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Crinum minimum Milne-Redh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2761], Zambia 19062.000 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2761], Zambia K000365436 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2761], Zambia K000365435 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 2: 33 (1947)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
    • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • ―Lehmiller in Herbertia 52: 48 (1997). ­
    • ―Nordal in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 18 (1982).
    • in Kew Bull. 2: 33 (1947).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 185 (1977).
    • Geerinck in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Amaryll.: 9 (1973).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 11: 40 (1973).
    • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 2: 33 (1947).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0