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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum papillosum Nordal

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Zambia.


    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Bulb 7–12 cm. in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
    Leaves ± spreading on the ground, lorate, 2–12 cm. broad, very variable in length, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate; growth rhythm as C. macowanii.
    Scapes 1–2, 10–30 cm. long, produced with the leaves or often before.
    Spathe-valves lanceolate, membranous, drooping at anthesis.
    Flowers 2–12 per inflorescence, sessile or with pedicels up to 2.5 cm.
    Perianth-tube brownish green, only slightly curved, 8–14 cm. long; segments white, with a very pale pink flush down the centre, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 6–14 cm. long, the outer ones 1–1.5 cm. broad, the inner 1.2–2 cm., all connivent to a funnel, tips usually only slightly reflexed at anthesis.
    Filaments white, declinate; anthers yellow, curved, ± 1 cm. long.
    Fruits green tinged with yellow or more rarely with red, turning dull yellow during ripening, subglobose, usually without a beak; pericarp thick compared to C. macowanii.
    Seeds 3–10, globose, distinctly papillose and rugose, green, turning black when exposed to air.
    Deciduous bushland, valley or wooded grassland, common in disturbed places; 450–1100 m.
    K1 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulb subglobose, 7–12 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
    Leaves green, never glaucous, distinctly ciliate, ± spreading on ground, lacking a midrib or keel, up to 40 × 4(6) cm, most leaves necrotic apically, smelling slightly peach-like, not foetid.
    Scapes 1–2, suberect, lateral, 3–17(30) cm long.
    Spathe valves greenish-yellow, slightly erect to drooping at anthesis, red-greenish, up to 20 × 3 cm.
    Inflorescence 3–7 flowered; pedicels 1.5–3 cm long.
    Perianth tube 11–12 cm long; segments acuminate, connivent into a funnel 10–15(20) cm long, outer c.1.1 cm broad, inner 1.5 cm broad, whitish with faint pink keel, apical part recurved.
    Filaments whitish, declinate, ± 9 cm long; anthers yellow, curved, up to 1.5 cm long.
    Style about as long as the perianth.
    Fruits subglobose, c.4 cm in diameter, with or without a beak (0)4(9) cm long, greenish tinged reddish, turning dull yellow.
    Seeds large, papillose, greenish, turning black when exposed to air, sinking immediately in water.
    Also in SW Tanzania.
    Growing in almost pure sand; c.1100 m.
    Conservation notes: Very restricted distribution. Within the Flora area only known from one large population on sand dunes bordering SE Lake Bangweulu; probably globally Vulnerable, but Zambian population Endangered.


    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Other Data

    Crinum papillosum Nordal appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schaijes [2418], Congo, DRC 49402.000


    First published in Norweg. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977)

    Accepted by

    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 14 (1982).
    • in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977);

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 185, Fig. 7 (1977).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.