1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum papillosum Nordal

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb 7–12 cm. in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± spreading on the ground, lorate, 2–12 cm. broad, very variable in length, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate; growth rhythm as C. macowanii.
    Scape
    Scapes 1–2, 10–30 cm. long, produced with the leaves or often before.
    Bracts
    Spathe-valves lanceolate, membranous, drooping at anthesis.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–12 per inflorescence, sessile or with pedicels up to 2.5 cm.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube brownish green, only slightly curved, 8–14 cm. long; segments white, with a very pale pink flush down the centre, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 6–14 cm. long, the outer ones 1–1.5 cm. broad, the inner 1.2–2 cm., all connivent to a funnel, tips usually only slightly reflexed at anthesis.
    Stamens
    Filaments white, declinate; anthers yellow, curved, ± 1 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits green tinged with yellow or more rarely with red, turning dull yellow during ripening, subglobose, usually without a beak; pericarp thick compared to C. macowanii.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–10, globose, distinctly papillose and rugose, green, turning black when exposed to air.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, valley or wooded grassland, common in disturbed places; 450–1100 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb subglobose, 7–12 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves green, never glaucous, distinctly ciliate, ± spreading on ground, lacking a midrib or keel, up to 40 × 4(6) cm, most leaves necrotic apically, smelling slightly peach-like, not foetid.
    Scape
    Scapes 1–2, suberect, lateral, 3–17(30) cm long.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves greenish-yellow, slightly erect to drooping at anthesis, red-greenish, up to 20 × 3 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–7 flowered; pedicels 1.5–3 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube 11–12 cm long; segments acuminate, connivent into a funnel 10–15(20) cm long, outer c.1.1 cm broad, inner 1.5 cm broad, whitish with faint pink keel, apical part recurved.
    Filaments
    Filaments whitish, declinate, ± 9 cm long; anthers yellow, curved, up to 1.5 cm long.
    Style
    Style about as long as the perianth.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, c.4 cm in diameter, with or without a beak (0)4(9) cm long, greenish tinged reddish, turning dull yellow.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, papillose, greenish, turning black when exposed to air, sinking immediately in water.
    Distribution
    Also in SW Tanzania.
    Ecology
    Growing in almost pure sand; c.1100 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Very restricted distribution. Within the Flora area only known from one large population on sand dunes bordering SE Lake Bangweulu; probably globally Vulnerable, but Zambian population Endangered.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Crinum papillosum Nordal appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schaijes [2418], Congo, DRC 49402.000

    First published in Norweg. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977)

    Accepted by

    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 14 (1982).
    • in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 185 (1977);
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 185, Fig. 7 (1977).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0