1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum rautanenianum Schinz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zambia to N. Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb 7–10 cm in diameter, narrowed to a neck at apex, up to 13 cm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves glaucous, distichous, suberect, green or glaucous, rather firm with thin woolly fibres, deeply channeled and pointed, 40(100) × (1.5)2–3.5 cm, margin scabrous, most leaves necrotic apically.
    Scape
    Scape reddish below, erect, (25)40–65 cm long; spathe valves 5–6 × 1.8–2.5 cm, soon becoming papery and reflexed.
    Flowers
    Flowers (1)3–8(10), white at anthesis, turning pink with age.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 0.5–1.5(3) cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube 10–14 cm long; segments 9–12 cm long, the inner 3–3.5 cm broad, the outer narrower, up to 2.6 cm wide, connivent into a bell with only the apices reflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens declinate; filaments ±7 cm long; anthers black.
    Fruits
    Fruits reddish, 4–6 cm long, 3.8–4.3 cm wide, not beaked or with a very short beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds smooth, with a greyish water-repellent outer layer, floating in water.
    Distribution
    Only known from seasonally flooded grasslands of the Upper Zambezi in the Flora area; c.1000 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Endemic to the Flora area. Restricted distribution, but probably not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Zambia

    Crinum rautanenianum Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schinz, H. [822], Namibia K000365430

    First published in T.Durand & H.Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 250 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Lehmiller in Herbertia 52: 62 (1997).
    • in Bothalia 11: 36 (1973).
    • ―Verdoorn in Fl. Pl. Afr. 42: t.1643 (1972);
    • ―Sölch & Roessler in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afr., fam.150: 8 (1968).
    • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 402 (1898).
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, app.3: 48 (1896).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0