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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum stuhlmannii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb 12–20 cm. in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading on the ground, glossy, lorate, the outer ones 8–19 cm. broad and up to 90 cm. long at anthesis, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate, not undulate; growth rhythm as C. macowanii.
    Scape
    Scapes 1–3, 25–65 cm. long, always contemporary with the leaves.
    Bracts
    Spathe-valves membranous, drooping at anthesis.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 10–21-flowered.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2–7.5 cm. long.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube red, 8–12 cm. long, curved; segments with a red to purplish central part fading into white or pink near the margin, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 7.5–12.5 cm. long, the outer 1–1.7 cm. broad, the inner 1.2–2 cm. broad, all connivent to a funnel, normally with the apical part distinctly reflexed.
    Stamens
    Filaments white to pink, declinate; anthers yellow to light brown, curved and ±5 mm. long at anthesis.
    Style
    Style deep rose.
    Fruits
    Fruit vivid orange to deep red, globose to ovoid, usually without a beak, 4–6 (–13) cm. in diameter; pericarp thick, spongy inside, glossy outside.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–20, globose or somewhat flattened, largest diameter up to 2 cm., light green, covered with a silvery to grey, smooth water-repellent membrane.
    Figures
    Fig. 4.
    Habitat
    On sandy soil, often apparently pure sand, in grassland or wooded grassland; frequent along the coast, but up to 950 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T2 T3 T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb globose, 12–25 cm in diameter, often with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves ± prostrate on ground, glossy, strap-shaped, the outer ones 90 × 8–19 cm at anthesis, without midrib or keel, distinctly ciliate, not undulate, most leaves necrotic apically.
    Scape
    Scape 1–3, 15–65 cm long.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves membranous, drooping at anthesis.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 8–31-flowered; distinctly pedicellate, pedicels 2–7.5 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube red, 8–13 cm long, curved; segments with a red to purplish central part fading into white or pink near margin, or the whole flushed rose or purplish with the keel a deeper rose, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 7.5–13.5 cm long, the outer 1–1.8 cm broad, the inner 1.2–2.5 cm broad, all connivent to a funnel or a bell, normally with the apical part distinctly reflexed.
    Filaments
    Filaments white to pink, declinate; anthers yellow to light brown, curved and ± 5 mm long at anthesis.
    Style
    Style deep rose.
    Fruits
    Fruits conspicuously coloured, reddish to scarlet red, globose to ovoid, usually without a beak, 3–13 cm in diameter, pericarp thick, ± 5 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–20 per fruit, globose or somewhat flattened, largest diameter up to 2 cm, light green, covered with a silvery to grey, smooth water-repellent membrane.
    Distribution
    Crinum stuhlmannii is a widespread species in tropical Africa, ranging from South Africa to Kenya. Also in South Africa (Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal).
    Ecology
    On sandy soils in grassland or wooded grassland, frequently on sandy soils along the eastern coast. Particularly frequent along the coast on sandy soils; 10–1400 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread taxon; not threatened.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Crinum stuhlmannii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 578 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 12 (1982).
    • ―Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 187 (1977);
    • in F.T.A. 7: 578 (1898).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 187, fig. 8. (1977).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 578 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0