Skip to main content
  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis bowkeri Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.


    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    A terrestrial or rarely epiphytic herb 12–27(–40) cm. high.
    Pseudobulb conical to subcylindric, up to 7 cm. long, 1.5 cm. in diameter, borne at an angle to the previous year’s pseudobulb, 2–5-leaved.
    Leaves lanceolate to ovate or broadly ovate, acute, mostly 6–12 cm. long, 3–6 cm. broad, many-nerved; petiole up to 7 cm. long but mostly shorter, clasping at the base.
    Inflorescence up to 15 cm. long, 2- to ± 25-flowered; rhachis bearing 1–several sterile bracts; fertile bracts lanceolate, acuminate, 1–1.5 cm. long, 2–4 mm. wide.
    Flowers green, becoming yellowish or buff-orange with age; pedicel and ovary 7–11 mm. long.
    Dorsal sepal oblong-lanceolate or linear, acute, 8–11.5 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. wide; lateral sepals ± free to base, falcate, narrowly elliptic, obtuse, 5.7–8.5 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. broad.
    Petals spreading-deflexed, linear, acute, 5–11.5 mm. long, 0.3–0.75 mm. broad.
    Lip deflexed, somewhat auriculate at the base, orbicular to transversely elliptic, obtuse or rounded at apex, 5–7 mm. long, 6–8 mm. wide; callus near base of lip small, somewhat bifid, truncate at apex.
    Column ± incurved at a right angle in middle, 3–3.6 mm. long, dilated at base.
    Fig. 63/3–10, p. 294.
    Forests and plantations in wet shaded places, and also on mossy rocks on open hillsides; 1350–2700 m.
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U2

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic herb, 8–40 cm tall.
    Pseudobulbs to 7 × 1.5 cm, conical, 2–5-leaved.
    Leaves 5–14 × 1–7.5 cm, lanceolate or ovate, acute, plicate, thin-textured.
    Inflorescence laxly c. 25-flowered; peduncle with 1–several triangular bracts.
    Flowers green to yellow-green, or clear yellow, turning buff-orange with age; lip with a metallic grey or orange central line.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Pedicel and ovary 7–11 mm long.
    Bracts 10–15 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate.
    Dorsal sepal erect, 8–11 × 1–2.5 mm, linear-lanceolate; lateral sepals 6–9 × 2.5–4 mm, obliquely elliptic, falcate, obtuse, lying under the lip.
    Petals 5–12 × c. 0.5 mm, linear, acute, pointing downwards and outwards.
    Lip 5–7 × 6–8 mm, orbicular or transversely oblong, auriculate at base, the margin entire, with a bifid callus in the throat.
    Column 3–4 mm long, arched to form almost a right angle.



    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


    Other Data

    Liparis bowkeri Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zimbabwe 43026.000
    Kenya 46663.000
    Hall, A.V. [733], South Africa 27876.000
    Hepper, F.N. [7382], Malawi 52255.000
    de Leyser, E.A. [106], Tanzania 50357.000
    Bidgood [755], Tanzania 53268.000
    Bowker, H. [s.n.], South Africa K000242136
    Bowker, H. [454], South Africa K000242137
    Purseglove, J.W. [2577], Uganda Liparis purseglovei K000242153 holotype
    Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 18714.000
    Hall, A.V. [226], Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 27898.000
    Holmes, W.D. [0215], Malawi Liparis neglecta 21023.000
    Holmes, W.D. [0215], Zambia Liparis neglecta 36561.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8865], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18717.000
    Wild, H. [2801], Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 24088.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2216], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18715.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1980], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 21022.000
    Watermeyer, A.M. [232], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18716.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2623], Kenya Liparis neglecta 30073.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2626] Liparis neglecta 31416.000
    Richards, H.M. [12713], Zambia Liparis neglecta 5721.000
    Polhill, R. [1774], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 25978.000
    Williamson, G. [1244], Zambia Liparis neglecta 32604.000
    Morris, B. [BM-84], Malawi Liparis neglecta 26524.000
    Morris, B. [BM 94], Malawi Liparis neglecta 27064.000
    Morris, B. [94], Malawi Liparis neglecta 27558.000
    Piers, F. [62], Kenya Liparis neglecta 29761.000
    Cribb, P. [11378], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40268.000
    Cribb, P. [10751], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40296.000
    Cribb, P. [10483], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40324.000
    Bridson, D. [423], Rwanda Liparis neglecta 43713.000
    Bridson, D. [417], Rwanda Liparis neglecta 43774.000
    Gerrard, W.T. [s.n.], South Africa Liparis gerrardii K000242135
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [8056] Liparis ruwenzoriensis K000242149


    First published in Thes. Cap. 2: 6 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 21 (1897).
    • Bolus, Ic. Orch. Austro-Afr. Extra-Trop. 1 (1), t. 2 (1896).
    • Ridl. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 22: 270 (1886).
    • Harv., Thes. Cap. 2: 6, t. 109 (1863).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.