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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis bowkeri Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial or rarely epiphytic herb 12–27(–40) cm. high.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulb conical to subcylindric, up to 7 cm. long, 1.5 cm. in diameter, borne at an angle to the previous year’s pseudobulb, 2–5-leaved.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate to ovate or broadly ovate, acute, mostly 6–12 cm. long, 3–6 cm. broad, many-nerved; petiole up to 7 cm. long but mostly shorter, clasping at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 15 cm. long, 2- to ± 25-flowered; rhachis bearing 1–several sterile bracts; fertile bracts lanceolate, acuminate, 1–1.5 cm. long, 2–4 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers green, becoming yellowish or buff-orange with age; pedicel and ovary 7–11 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal oblong-lanceolate or linear, acute, 8–11.5 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. wide; lateral sepals ± free to base, falcate, narrowly elliptic, obtuse, 5.7–8.5 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals spreading-deflexed, linear, acute, 5–11.5 mm. long, 0.3–0.75 mm. broad.
    Labellum
    Lip deflexed, somewhat auriculate at the base, orbicular to transversely elliptic, obtuse or rounded at apex, 5–7 mm. long, 6–8 mm. wide; callus near base of lip small, somewhat bifid, truncate at apex.
    Column
    Column ± incurved at a right angle in middle, 3–3.6 mm. long, dilated at base.
    Figures
    Fig. 63/3–10, p. 294.
    Habitat
    Forests and plantations in wet shaded places, and also on mossy rocks on open hillsides; 1350–2700 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U2
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic herb, 8–40 cm tall.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs to 7 × 1.5 cm, conical, 2–5-leaved.
    Leaves
    Leaves 5–14 × 1–7.5 cm, lanceolate or ovate, acute, plicate, thin-textured.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence laxly c. 25-flowered; peduncle with 1–several triangular bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers green to yellow-green, or clear yellow, turning buff-orange with age; lip with a metallic grey or orange central line.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Pedicel and ovary 7–11 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts 10–15 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal erect, 8–11 × 1–2.5 mm, linear-lanceolate; lateral sepals 6–9 × 2.5–4 mm, obliquely elliptic, falcate, obtuse, lying under the lip.
    Corolla
    Petals 5–12 × c. 0.5 mm, linear, acute, pointing downwards and outwards.
    Labellum
    Lip 5–7 × 6–8 mm, orbicular or transversely oblong, auriculate at base, the margin entire, with a bifid callus in the throat.
    Column
    Column 3–4 mm long, arched to form almost a right angle.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Liparis bowkeri Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Zimbabwe 43026.000
    Kenya 46663.000
    Hall, A.V. [733], South Africa 27876.000
    Hepper, F.N. [7382], Malawi 52255.000
    de Leyser, E.A. [106], Tanzania 50357.000
    Bidgood [755], Tanzania 53268.000
    Bowker, H. [s.n.], South Africa K000242136
    Bowker, H. [454], South Africa K000242137
    Purseglove, J.W. [2577], Uganda Liparis purseglovei K000242153 holotype
    Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 18714.000
    Hall, A.V. [226], Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 27898.000
    Holmes, W.D. [0215], Malawi Liparis neglecta 21023.000
    Holmes, W.D. [0215], Zambia Liparis neglecta 36561.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8865], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18717.000
    Wild, H. [2801], Zimbabwe Liparis neglecta 24088.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2216], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18715.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1980], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 21022.000
    Watermeyer, A.M. [232], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 18716.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2623], Kenya Liparis neglecta 30073.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2626] Liparis neglecta 31416.000
    Richards, H.M. [12713], Zambia Liparis neglecta 5721.000
    Polhill, R. [1774], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 25978.000
    Williamson, G. [1244], Zambia Liparis neglecta 32604.000
    Morris, B. [BM-84], Malawi Liparis neglecta 26524.000
    Morris, B. [BM 94], Malawi Liparis neglecta 27064.000
    Morris, B. [94], Malawi Liparis neglecta 27558.000
    Piers, F. [62], Kenya Liparis neglecta 29761.000
    Cribb, P. [11378], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40268.000
    Cribb, P. [10751], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40296.000
    Cribb, P. [10483], Tanzania Liparis neglecta 40324.000
    Bridson, D. [423], Rwanda Liparis neglecta 43713.000
    Bridson, D. [417], Rwanda Liparis neglecta 43774.000
    Gerrard, W.T. [s.n.], South Africa Liparis gerrardii K000242135
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [8056] Liparis ruwenzoriensis K000242149

    Bibliography

    First published in Thes. Cap. 2: 6 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 21 (1897).
    • Bolus, Ic. Orch. Austro-Afr. Extra-Trop. 1 (1), t. 2 (1896).
    • Ridl. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 22: 270 (1886).
    • Harv., Thes. Cap. 2: 6, t. 109 (1863).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0