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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis cespitosa (Lam.) Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique and S. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb with creeping rhizome 1–2 mm. in diameter and flexuose roots.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs 2–3 mm. apart on the rhizome, with 2–3 scarious sheathing leaves up to 3.5 cm. long, up to 2.5 cm. high and 1 cm. in diameter, ovoid, green when young, later becoming yellowish and very wrinkled, monophyllous and bearing one terminal inflorescence.
    Leaves
    Leaf light or dark green, coriaceous, jointed at the base, up to 16 cm. long and 1.6 cm. wide (usually 8–10 × 1 cm.), widest near the apex and gradually tapering to a narrow base, apex rounded to acute.
    Scape
    Scape usually slightly taller than the leaf, up to 18 cm. long, laterally flattened, and slightly winged below the inflorescence.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to ± 8 cm. (usually ± 4 cm.) long, with up to 40 very small fairly densely arranged flowers; bracts 3 mm. long, acuminate.
    Pedicel
    Pedicel plus ovary up to 5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers non-resupinate, creamy yellow to yellowish green to butter-scotch yellow.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, acute, reflexed; dorsal sepal 2.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide; lateral sepals 2–2.5 mm. long, 1.25 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petals ligulate, truncate at the apex, 2.5 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide.
    Labellum
    Lip oblong, 4-lobed, apiculate at the crenulate apex, with 2 small calli at the base, 2.5 mm. long and 1.75 mm. wide.
    Column
    Column terete, 1.25–1.5 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Epiphytic in rain-forest; 425–1370 m.
    Distribution
    T2 T3 T7 U2 U4 Malawi, Madagascar, Réunion, Sri Lanka, NE. India to the Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Is. and Fiji
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Small epiphytic herb; pseudobulbs 13–25 × 10 mm, ovoid, smooth and green when young, later yellowish and wrinkled, 1-leafed at apex, pseudobulbs set close together on the rhizome to form dense mats.
    Leaves
    Leaf stiff, erect, 6–10 × 1–1.5 cm, oblanceolate, usually light green, jointed at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, c. 10 cm long, densely 20–40-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers non- resupinate, greenish-yellow to creamy-yellow, very small.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Ovary and pedicel 5 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts acuminate, 3 mm long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, acute, reflexed; dorsal sepal 2.5 × 0.5 mm.
    Labellum
    Lip 2.5 mm long, less than 2 mm wide, oblong, ± 4-lobed, apiculate, with 2 small calli at the base.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Liparis cespitosa (Lam.) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 21, 2012 s.coll. [s.n], India K000387805 Unknown type material
    Jun 29, 2009 Harris, T. [673], Mozambique K000614252
    Oct 19, 2004 Hooker, J.D. [1915], India K000387808 Unknown type material
    Oct 19, 2004 Hooker, J.D. [16], India K000387809 Unknown type material
    Oct 19, 2004 Hooker, J.D. [1915], India K000387844 Unknown type material
    Oct 19, 2004 Prain, D. [78], India K000387804 Unknown type material
    Solomon Is. 48649.000
    550.000
    Piers, F. [91], Tanzania 18711.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [5378], Uganda 21011.000
    Moreau, R.E. [19], Tanzania 21007.000
    Elliott, H.F.I. [815A], Tanzania 23173.000
    Kerr, A.F.G. [188], Thailand K000596226
    Kerr, A.F.G. [188], Thailand K000596227
    Kerr, A.F.G. [0238], Thailand K000596228
    Green, P.S. [RSNH 1350], Vanuatu 42675.000
    Dennis, G. [2350], Solomon Is. 28782.000
    Lewis, G.P. [192], Malaysia 43244.000
    Johston-Stewart, N. [5], Malawi 43704.000
    Wickison, S. [98], Solomon Is. 52178.000
    Wickison, S. [138], Solomon Is. 52189.000
    Wickison, S. [95], Solomon Is. 54955.000
    de Vogel, E. [9135], Borneo 56543.000
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [13937], New Guinea K000943203 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [2], India K000387806 Unknown type material
    Thwaites, G.H.K. [2351], Sri Lanka Liparis obscura K000387813 Unknown type material
    New Guinea Liparis neoguineensis 24089.000
    Cruttwell, N.E.G. [419], Papua New Guinea Liparis neoguineensis 21020.000
    Liparis pusilla 19737.000
    Liparis pusilla 21027.000
    Fiji Liparis revoluta 21031.000
    Liparis revoluta 24098.000
    Beechey, F.W. [s.n.], Society Is. Liparis revoluta K000943529

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Reg. 11: t. 882 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    • Averyanov, L.V. & al. (2016). New and rare orchids (Orchidaceae) in the flora of Cambodia and Laos Turczaninowia 19: 5-58.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Bernet, P. (2010). Orchidées de la Réunion: 1-368. Naturae Amici éditions.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.
    • Sittisujjatham, S. (2009). Wild Orchid of Thailand 2: 1-463. Amarin.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Margonska, H.B. & Szlachetko, D.L. (2010). Orchidaceae of Tahiti, French Polynesia: 1-139. Gdansk University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Raskoti, B.B. (2009). The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Piers, Orch. E. Afr., ed. 2: 85 (1968).
    • Holttum in Fl. Malaya 1: 205 (1964).
    • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 6: 468 (1952).
    • Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 11, sub t. 882 (1825).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/