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  1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crinum L.
      1. Crinum subcernuum Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to N. Botswana.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb large.
    Leaves
    Leaves lorate, up to 9 cm. broad, without midrib, the broader leaves without an intact apex, margin scabrous.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2.5–3 cm.
    Flowers
    Flowers hypocrateriform, 10–15 in an umbel.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube 12–15 cm. long, curved in upper part when in bud, erect at anthesis; segments white inside, probably more reddish outside, linear-lanceolate, 6–7 cm. long, 5–10 mm. broad, spreading and gradually more reflexed during anthesis.
    Stamens
    Filaments red, erect, arcuate, not declinate; anthers straight, dark, 1.4 cm. long.
    Style
    Style long, red.
    Fruits
    Fruits and seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Black cotton soil in valley grassland
    Distribution
    T6
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Bulbs
    Bulb up to 14 cm wide, ending in a thick neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves in rosette, margins undulate, the lower more or less prostrate, central leaves suberect, median leaves 6–7 cm broad, margin scabrid, up to 60 cm long.
    Scape
    Scape suberect, ± 50 cm long, compressed, often tinged purplish brown.
    Spathe
    Spathe valves 8–9 cm long, fading early and reflexed.
    Flowers
    Flowers 6–11, erect, buds erect at first then pendulous, erect again as flower opens.
    Pedicel
    Pedicel 1.3–4 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth tube slender, 9–15 cm long, usually tinged brownish; segments white or pale pink with a dorsal purplish or brownish-red band down middle, 5.5–8 × 1–1.3 cm.
    Stamens
    Stamens arcuate, erect; filaments reddish in upper two-thirds; anthers slender, greyish-brown ± 1.6 cm long.
    Style
    Style red.
    Fruits
    Fruits long beaked.
    Seeds
    Seeds not seen.
    Distribution
    Also in SE Tanzania.
    Ecology
    Mainly found in floodplains; 10–1000 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Fairly widely distributed; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Crinum subcernuum Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk, J. [317], Mozambique K000365447 Unknown type material
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000365448
    Menyharth [690], Malawi K000365446 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 180 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 18 (1982).
    • ―Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 24: 188 (1977);
    • in F.T.A. 7: 396 (1898).
    • in Gard. Chron. 16: 180 (1881);

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Nordal in Norw. Journ. Bot. 24: 188 (1977).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 396 (1898).
    • Harms in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 145 (1895).
    • Bak. in Gard. Chron. 1881 (2): 180 (1881).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0