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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis mulindana Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Gabon to Tanzania and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Dwarf terrestrial herb with a short, fleshy rhizome.
    Leaves
    Leaf 1, appressed to the ground, up to 6 × 5 cm, ovate or ± orbicular, cordate at the base with 8–9 deeply impressed veins, dark olive-green with a reddish tinge above, deep purple beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence to 15 cm long, 4–8-flowered; peduncle 8–12 cm long, reddish-green with 2–3 narrow, acuminate, reddish bracts c. 5 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers dull reddish, green towards the centre.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Pedicel and ovary 5–8 mm long, winged.
    Bracts
    Bracts 4–5 mm long, narrowly triangular, acuminate, purple.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal erect, 6–10 × 1–1.5 mm, linear, fleshy; lateral sepals 6–7 × 3–4 mm, obovate, falcate, joined at first but later separating, projecting forwards, the tips curled down, lying below the lip.
    Corolla
    Petals 6–11 mm long, less than 1 mm wide, linear, fleshy, deflexed or spreading.
    Labellum
    Lip 8 × 4–5 mm, geniculate, constricted after a broadly auriculate base then ± heart-shaped, concave with a fleshy disk in the centre; slightly emarginate at the apex.
    Column
    Column 4–6 mm long, geniculate, winged towards the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb with a single leaf closely adpressed to the ground, arising from a short fleshy rhizome.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome white, 1 cm. in diameter, with a few fibrous roots.
    Leaves
    Leaf orbicular to cordate, up to 6 cm. long and 4.5 cm. wide, deep green above, purplish beneath, coriaceous, margins entire and slightly crinkled; 2 small sheaths ± 1 cm. long surround the stem below the leaf.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, up to 15 cm. long; peduncle 1 mm. in diameter, with narrow acuminate sterile bracts 8 mm. long at intervals of 1–2 cm.; scape and bracts purplish; fertile bracts similar but shorter.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–8, ± 5–10 mm; apart, pinkish mauve to greenish purple.
    Pedicel
    Pedicel plus ovarv 5–7 mm. long, winged.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal 6 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, oblong, acute at the apex, auricled at the base and half encircling the back of the column, margins rolled back; lateral sepals joined for most of their length at first, later splitting apart and rolling under, each 6 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, narrowing towards the base, falcate, apex rounded to acute with a small fleshy knob beneath.
    Corolla
    Petals linear, 6 mm. long, 0.7 mm. wide, with margins rolled back making them appear much narrower, curving downwards but sometimes caught by the rolled-up lateral sepals so that they project sideways.
    Labellum
    Lip geniculate with a narrow callus, abruptly widening to become circular with a fleshy disc, crenulate margins, and a slightly indented apiculum; basal part of lip 1.5 mm. long including the auricles, 1.5 mm. wide; circular part, 3.5 mm. diameter.
    Column
    Column pale green, 4 mm. long including the fleshy thickened foot, geniculate, with short wings at the apex.
    Figures
    Fig. 63/1, 2, p. 294.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland; 900–1500 m.
    Distribution
    T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Gabon, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Liparis mulindana Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holmes, W.D. [400331], Zambia 30395.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9217], Tanzania 20566.000
    Williamson, G. [377], Zambia 33164.000
    Stolz, A. [1933], Tanzania K000242157
    Schaijes, M. [2833A], Congo, DRC 50379.000
    Malaisse et al. [188], Zaïre 77404.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 560 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Williamson, Orch. SC. Afr.: 115, fig. 59/5 (1977).
    • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 560 (1915).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0