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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Liparis Rich.
      1. Liparis tridens Kraenzl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A small epiphytic herb 2-5 in. high
    Flowers
    Small yellow or yellow-green flowers.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Small epiphytic herb usually found in groups of 3 or 4 plants, with new growths arising from the bases of old pseudobulbs.
    Stem
    Stem slightly swollen at the base, forming a small ovoid fresh-green pseudobulb up to 1.3 cm. high and 0.7 cm. in diameter, with ± 7 distichously arranged leaves arising on it.
    Leaves
    Leaves increase in size from small sheaths at the base of the pseudobulb to the largest leaf near the apex; foliage leaves mid-green, thin but not membranous, up to 7.5 (usually ± 5) cm. long, and 1.4 (usually ± 1) cm. wide, oblong-lanceolate with very undulate margins and mid-vein prominently keeled beneath, especially towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence arising from apex of pseudobulb; peduncle terete, 0.75 mm. in diameter, light green, 5–6(–10) cm. long, with sterile bracts at the base similar to those above subtending the flowers, light green, cordate at the base, acuminate, ± 7 mm. long, equalling the pedicel and ovary; rhachis with up to 20 closely spaced flowers (usually less).
    Tepal
    Tepals greenish yellow; dorsal sepal 3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, ovate, acute; lateral sepals 3.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, ovate, rather abruptly narrowed towards the acute apex.
    Corolla
    Petals linear, 3 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide, apex obtuse.
    Labellum
    Lip 3-lobed; side lobes triangular, rounded at the base with a bilobed callus sunk between 2 fleshy thickenings, 2 mm. across the base; mid-lobe linear, acuminate, 5 mm. long, 0.75 mm. wide at base, with margins incurving to meet over the midline, sharply reflexed upwards halfway along its length.
    Column
    Column 1.5 mm. long, 1.25 mm. wide, with 2 rounded wings in the basal half, and 2 forwardly directed rounded wings at the apex.
    Habitat
    Epiphytic on trees and tree ferns in wet places; 900–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T7 U2
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Dwarf epiphytic herb forming small clumps.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs up to 13 × 7 mm, ovoid, with about 7 distichous leaves.
    Leaves
    Largest leaf at apex of pseudobulb, up to 7.5 × 1.5 cm, oblong-lanceolate, keeled below, the margins undulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 5–10 cm long, fairly densely up to 20-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow-green.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal 3 × 1 mm, ovate, acute; lateral sepals 3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, ovate, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals 3 × 0.5 mm, linear.
    Labellum
    Lip 3-lobed near the base, with a basal callus; side lobes triangular, mid-lobe 5 × 0.75 mm, linear, acuminate, sharply curved up about half-way.
    Column
    Column 1.5 mm long, with 2 rounded wings in the basal half and 2 rounded wings projecting forwards at the apex.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda

    Other Data

    Liparis tridens Kraenzl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10352], Cameroon K000106987
    Mar 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [225], Cameroon K000107060
    Nov 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3422], Cameroon K000105963
    Nov 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2715], Cameroon K000105934
    Nov 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2505], Cameroon K000105938
    May 1, 1994 Lane, P. [28], Cameroon K000106620
    Oct 2, 1972 Zenker, G.A. [1387], Cameroon K000242147 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1972 Letouzey, R. [11602], Cameroon K000106618
    Nigeria 20579.000
    Onochie, C.F. [23417], Nigeria 18720.000
    Smith, G., Nigeria 44622.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 162 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast Ruizia 20: 1-396.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & al. (2004). Flore du Gabon 36: 1-231. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Cat. Talb. 145.
    • in Engl., Bot. Jahrh. 28: 162 (1900)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & al. (2004). Flore du Gabon 36: 1-231. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Piers, Orch. E. Afr., ed. 2: 88 (1968).
    • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 214 (1968).
    • Kraenzl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 162 (1900).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0