1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Cyrtanthus Aiton
      1. Cyrtanthus breviflorus Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Amaryllidaceae, Inger Nordal (University of Oslo). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Bulb 1–2.5 cm. in diameter, with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves green or slightly glaucous, appearing with or after the flowers, linear, up to 38 cm. long, 3–9 mm. broad.
    Scape
    Scape 2–36 cm. long, elongating in fruit.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–4(–6)-flowered.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 0.3–4 cm. long, markedly accrescent, especially in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, yellow-orange or golden yellow, consisting of a narrow infundibuliform tube and free segments, altogether 2.4 cm. long, tube normally shorter than or as long as the segments, the latter ascending, not recurved, 2–6 mm. broad, outer with glandular hairs at the apex.
    Stamens
    Filaments 2–5 mm. long; anthers at two levels.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland and moor, in marshes, along rivers or in heath vegetation; 1650–3200 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T2 T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

    Habit
    Bulbous herb; bulb 1–3 cm in diameter, with a distinct neck.
    Leaves
    Leaves green or slightly glaucous, linear, up to 30 × 0.2–0.4 cm, appearing with or after the flowers.
    Scape
    Scapes 3–30 cm long, elongating during fruit development; spathe valves 3.7–6 cm long, erect, often clasping bases of pedicels.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 0.3–4 cm long, of different lengths within an inflorescence.
    Flowers
    Flowers bright yellow, 1–4(6), 2–3 cm long, with a funnel-shaped tube and free ± erect segments, 0.2–0.5 cm broad, mostly longer than the tube, outer ones with apical glandular hairs.
    Filaments
    Filaments 2–5 mm long; anthers c.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruits crowned with remnants of perianth segments.
    Distribution
    Widespread from South Africa to Congo and Kenya.
    Ecology
    Along rivers and in marshes; 1000–1800 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cyrtanthus breviflorus Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1978 Buchanan, J. [s.n.], South Africa K000366182
    Krauss [255], South Africa K000366176
    Krauss [255], South Africa K000366175
    Cooper, T. [255], South Africa K000366173 lectotype
    Hutton [s.n.], South Africa K000366174

    First published in Thes. Cap. 2: 25 (1863)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Nordal, I. (1982). Amaryllidaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-30.
    • Geerinck, D. (1973). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Amaryllidaceae: 1-23. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Reid & Dyer, Rev. Sthn. Afr. Cyrtanthus.: 14 (1984).
    • ―Nordal in F.T.E.A., Amaryllidaceae: 26 (1982).
    • ―Nordal in Norw. J. Bot. 26: 183 (1979).
    • ―Geerinck in F.A.C., Amaryllidaceae: 12, t.2 (1973).
    • ―Ross, Fl. Natal: 131 (1973).
    • ―Gordon-Gray & Wright in J.S. Afr. Bot. 35: 35 (1969).
    • Thes. Cap. 2: 25, t.139 (1859).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Geerinck in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Amaryll.: 12, t. 2 (1973).
    • Ross, Fl. Natal: 131 (1973).
    • Gordon-Gray & Wright in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 35: 35 (1969).
    • Harv., Thes. Cap. 2: 25 (1863).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0