1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Nervilia Comm. ex Gaudich.
      1. Nervilia simplex (Thouars) Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to SW. Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Erect terrestrial herb 1.5–10 cm tall, glabrous except for leaf, lip and subterraneanan parts.
    Tubers
    Tuber 0.5–1.4 cm in diameter, subspherical or ovoid, (2)3–6-noded.
    Leaves
    Leaf solitary, appearing after flowering, prostrate or nearly so, 1.5–9 × 3.5–14 cm, reniform to almost orbicular, usually densely pubescent on the upper surface, but glabrous clones or clones with hairs only near the leaf margin not uncommon; veins (5)7–16; petiole c. 0–6 cm long, sulcate with 1–3 sheathing cataphylls.
    Scape
    Scape erect, terete, 1-flowered, with 2–3 sheathing cataphylls, lengthening to c. 20 cm when fruiting.
    Flowers
    Flower ± erect, fragrant; bract 1–2 mm long.
    Perianth
    Sepals and petals spreading, closing again after about 8 hours anthesis or earlier if pollinated, subequal, linear-ligulate, acute, brownish-green; lateral sepals oblique, 12–19 × 3.5 mm; petals slightly shorter and narrower.
    Labellum
    Lip oblong-cuneate, 12–18 × 9–11 mm, 3-lobed, white with a yellow centre and often with a faint lilac or purple tinge or markings in the apical area; inner surface ±covered with thin hair-like outgrowths and a few thicker formations arranged ± in three rows along the centre of the mid-lobe and ranging from low tubercles to long, acute, tapering emergences of different appearance; lateral lobes obtusely triangular or rounded, sometimes less prominent or absent; mid-lobe ovate-triangular to ovate, subacute to obtuse; margin crenulate to undulate-fimbriate.
    Column
    Column almost straight, (5.5)7–9 mm long, clavate, glabrous; pollinia yellow with a few purplish massulae at lower end, (0.8)1.5–2 mm long; ovary 4–5 mm long.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    An erect, low growing herb 7–10 cm. tall, glabrous except for tuber and leaf.
    Tubers
    Tuber subglobose, somewhat compressed, 1–1.3 cm. diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaf reniform, cordate at base, 4.5 cm. long, 7 cm. wide, margins undulate, upper surface barely perceptibly and very shortly hairy; petiole 4 cm. long.
    Scape
    Scape erect, 1-flowered at apex, with 2–3 firmly clasping sheathing cataphylls concealing the scape to above the middle.
    Flowers
    Flower erect, becoming pendent, greenish, striped purple; lip whitish lilac, apex violet.
    Calyx
    Sepals erect, ligulate, spreading, to 1.7 cm. long, subacute; lateral sepals subsimilar, oblique.
    Corolla
    Petals similar but distinctly narrower, linear, shortly acuminate.
    Labellum
    Lip obovate-cuneate, trilobed apically, glabrous, 1.6 cm. long; side lobes obliquely oblong-triangular, obtuse; mid-lobe semiorbicular, long scalloped-undulate and cleft, only a little longer than side lobes, disc keeled, crenulate at base of mid-lobe, with numerous clustered subulate appendages on the mid-lobe.
    Column
    Column slightly arched, dilated towards apex, semiterete, 6–8 mm. long; ovary clavate, glabrous, 4–5 mm. long, with a pedicel which quickly elongates after anthesis.
    Figures
    Fig. 54/3, p. 272.
    Habitat
    In marshy ground or forest near streams or rivers; 600–1800 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7
    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A small terrestrial orchid 2-10 in. high
    Tepal
    Tepals white to pale yellow
    Labellum
    Lip with reddish veins and centre yellow streak
    Leaves
    Leaves pale green, reniform.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    An erect herb to 10 cm. tall, glabrous except for tuber.
    Tubers
    Tuber globose, 1 cm. diameter.
    Leaves
    Leaf appressed to ground, reniform, minutely apiculate, very cordate at base, densely covered above with short white hairs, 1.5–4 cm. long, 3.5–7 cm. wide.
    Scape
    Scape terete, 1-flowered at apex, with 2–3 clasping sheathing cataphylls; bract linear, acute, equal to pedicel in length.
    Flowers
    Flower erect, becoming pendent, brownish green; lip white with a yellow centre.
    Calyx
    Sepals spreading, linear-ligulate, 1.5 cm. long, acute; lateral sepals oblique.
    Corolla
    Petals similar to sepals but shorter.
    Labellum
    Lip oblong-cuneate, trilobed in apical third, 1.3 cm. long, 0.8 cm. wide, surface covered with scattered long hairs, base finely 3-keeled, with mid-keel muricate-mammillate; lateral lobes triangular, slightly obtuse; mid-lobe a little longer, ovate-triangular to ovate, subacute or obtuse, margin crenulate-undulate.
    Column
    Column clavate, 5.5 mm. long, glabrous; pedicel elongating after anthesis.
    Figures
    Fig. 54/6, p. 272.
    Habitat
    In deciduous woodland in shade; 700–1200 m.
    Distribution
    W. Africa to Zaire, Zambia, Malawi T3 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Cape Verde

    Nervilia simplex (Thouars) Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cooke, A. [81], Madagascar 52251.000
    Sep 6, 2000 Pantling, R. [372], Sikkim Nervilia crociformis K000387602 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1991 Stolz, A. [1791], Tanzania Nervilia crociformis K000306638 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1991 Williamson [s.n.], Zambia Nervilia crociformis K000306637 holotype
    Richards, H.M. [10334], Tanzania Nervilia crociformis 9643.000
    Luke [5736], Kenya Nervilia crociformis 61927.000
    Bidgood, S. et al. [7972], Tanzania Nervilia crociformis K000718644
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2978], Zambia Nervilia humilis 21454.000
    Sep 1, 1976 Kerr, A.F.G. [241A], Thailand Nervilia prainiana K000595892
    Sep 1, 1976 Kerr, A.F.G. [0997], Thailand Nervilia prainiana K000595893
    Kerr, A.F.G. [433], Thailand Nervilia prainiana K000595891
    Sukhakul, P. [6], Thailand Nervilia prainiana 38533.000
    Mayuranathan, P.V., India Nervilia monantha 18582.000
    Nigeria Nervilia reniformis 23990.000
    Holmes, W.D. [65], Zambia Nervilia reniformis 9637.000
    Wild, H. [SRGH 49400], Zimbabwe Nervilia reniformis 29610.000
    Watermeyer, A.M. [233], Tanzania Nervilia reniformis 21461.000
    King, D.E.S. [111], Nigeria Nervilia reniformis 24913.000
    Jones, E.W. [69], Nigeria Nervilia reniformis 21450.000
    la Croix, I. [497], Malawi Nervilia reniformis 51913.000
    Morge, G. [152], Zambia Nervilia reniformis 31786.000
    La Croix [362], Malawi Nervilia reniformis 46714.000
    Schaijes, M. [2665], Congo, DRC Nervilia reniformis 50136.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 401 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Nervilia petraea.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Marrero, Á. & Almeida Pérez, R.S. (2013). Las orquídeas en Cabo Verde y redescubrimiento de Eulophia guineensis Lindl. (Orchidaceae) en la isla de Brava Botánica Macaronésica 28: 63-70.
    • Lin. W.M., Hsu, T.C. & Lin, T.P. (2007). Newly discovered native orchids of Taiwan Taiwania 52: 281-286.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Luke, Q. (2005). Annotated checklist of the plants of the Shimba Hills, Kwale District, Kenya Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum 94: 5-120.
    • Misra, S. (2004). Orchids of Orissa: 1-774. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0